九年级知识点总结Unit 1(8500字)


Unit1 Topic1 陈珮琪

(1) 重点单词

Volunteer志愿者 bell钟 Africa非洲 disabled残疾的 shut关闭 ever在任何时候 rope

绳子 narrow狭窄的 communication(n.)通讯,交流 report报告 relative亲戚 rapidly快速

的 since自…以后 reform改革 satisfy使满意 medical医学的 machine机器 rapid迅速的

progress进步 already已经 hide躲藏 chess国际象棋 radio收音机 spare空闲的 abroad在国

外 consider考虑 tool工具

(2) 重点短语

take place发生 by the way随便说 in detail详细地 far away遥远的 make progress取得

进步 draw up起草 thanks to幸亏,由于 have/live a…life有一个…样的生活 around the

world全世界 have the chance to do sth.有机会做某事 receive a good education取得好教育

keep in touch with保持联系 lose touch with失去联系 get in touch with取得联系

succeeded in doing sth.在某事上取得成功 in one’s spare time在…空闲时间

(3) 重点句子

How was your trip? 你的旅行如何?

There goes the bell. = That is the bell. = The bell is ringing. 上课铃响了

Great changes have taken place there…

Though I had no time to travel ,I still felt very happy .

Unit1 Topic 2 张朝源

一、词汇 yet 还,仍 probably 很可能,大概 cinema 电影院 department store 百货公司 nearby 附

近的,邻近的 population 人口,人数 billion 十亿 increase 使增加,使增大

reach 实现,达到 luckily 幸运地,运气好的 policy 政策,方针 Russia 俄罗斯

measure 措施,方法 social 社会的,社交的 supply 提供,供应

natural 天然的,天生的 worse 更差的,更糟的 government 政府,内阁 paragraph 段,

段落 opportunity 机会,时机 newborn 新生的,初生的 percent 百分之…… offer 提供

(东西或机会) surround 围绕,环绕 garbage (生活)垃圾,废物 discourage 阻拦,

阻止 local 当地的,本地的 capital 首都,资本 huge 巨大的,极多的 market 集市,

市场 transportation 运输 excellent 优秀的,杰出的


1. get lost 迷 路2. each other 彼此3.at least 至少4.take place发生5.because of 因为

6. be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求7.carry out 实行 8.be short of 缺 乏9.take measures to do sth.

采取措施做某事10.be known as…作为……而著名11.work well in doing…在……方面起作用

12.a couple of 一些 13.keep up with赶上,跟上 14.increase by 增加了 15.developed

countries 发达国家 16.developing countries 发展中国家 17.discourage doing sth. 阻止

干某事 18.call ab. up 打电话给某人 19.so far 到目前为止 (用现在完成时)

take measures to do sth. 采取措施做某事 thanks to sb./sth. 幸亏,由于


1. Have you found him yet? 你已经找到他了吗?

2. ——I really hate to go shopping. 我的确讨厌购物。——So do I.我也如此。

3. But it seems that their living conditions were not very good.但是似乎他们的生活条件不太好。

4. But great changes have already taken place in China recently.但是近来中国已发生了巨大的


5. Because of the one-child policy, now most families have only one child. 由于我国独生子女政


6. What’s the population of the U.S.A.?美国的人口是多少?

7. ——What’s more, the population in developing countries is growing faster. ——So it is. 而且,

发展中国家的人口在更快地发展。 的确如此。

8. Our government has taken many measures to control the population. 我们的政府已采取了许



1. increase by + 数字 / 倍数 / 百分数 增加了……

e.g. The price of the house has increased by three times.

increase to +数字 增加到……

e.g. The price of the house has increased to 500 000.

2. They like going shopping.

I like going shopping, too.=So do I.

He doesn’t like going shopping.

I don’t like going shopping, either.=Neither do I.=Nor do I.

总结: ...也一样 (表达两者对同一事物的看法) A 如此,A的确如此

So + be\情态动词\助动词+主语 (肯定)

Neither \ Nor + be\情态动词\助动词+主语 (否定)

3. because+句子 因为,连接从句

because of +n.\v-ing 短语

4. What’s the population of...?=What’ the number of the people in ...?

5. 数字的读法来试着一下:

3.14 three point one four 100 one hundred

1,000 one thousand 1,000,000 one million

1,000,000,000 one billion

2) 百位和十位之间用and连接, 十位和个位用“-”连接

three hundred and twenty-one

3)thousand (三位数前)million(六位数前)billion(九位数前)

? 三位一组, 逗号隔开, 依次是

? 12, 345, 678, 985

? billion million thousand

? (十亿) (百万) (千)

6. 分数:A.母序子基(分母序数词,分子基数词) B. 分子大于1,分母加s

五分之一:one fifth 五分之三:three fifths

四分之一亦作: a quarter

二分之一亦作: a half

五又二十分之七 five and seven twentieths

序数词:first 、second、third、fourth、fifth、sixth、seventh、eighth、ninth、tenth、eleventh、


Two thirds of students (students 为可数名词所以用are)

Two thirds of milk (milk为不可数名词,所以用is)

基数词:one two three....

明确的数字:three hundred (没有s)

不确切的数字:hundreds of、thousands of、millions of、billions of

Unit 1 Topic 3 丘悦

一. 重点词组

have been in +地点 (某人)一直在某地 for a long time 很长时间

How do you like doing sth? = What do you think of doing sth? 你认为(做---)怎么样? be/get used to sth./ doing sth. 习惯于?? as a matter of fact=in fact 事实上 break out 爆发 live a hard / normal life 过着艰难/正常的生活

homeless people 无家可归的人 in need 在困难时, 在贫困之中 decide on+n.\v-ing = decide to do sth 决定要做某事 so that = in order that/to 为了,以便 provide sb. with sth.= provide sth. for sb.提供某物给某人 feel good about对----感觉好 It is+ adj. +for sb to do sth. 对某人来说做? 是 be called 被叫做 succeed in doing sth. 成功完成某事 Kids in the Hall 流浪儿之家 be successful in doing sth = succeed in doing sth 成功完成某事

lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人 borrow sth from sb 从某人哪儿借来某物 at the same time 同时 obey /disobey the rules遵守\违反规则 take drugs 吸毒 give sb a chance to do sth 给某人一个机会做某事 a social service program 社会公益组织 Project Hope 希望工程 aim to do sth. = manage to do sth 目的是,力争做到 pay for 付款

in the past+时间 在过去的??里 in the past sixteen years在过去的16年里 at home and abroad 在国内外 thousands of 成千上万的 hear of 听说 hear from=receive/get a letter from 收到来信 come for a visit 来参观 return to a normal life 重新回到正常的生活 be used for sth\ doing sth被用来做某事 send sb to地点/do sth 送某人去某地/派某人做某事

make a contribution to doing sth. 为做...做贡献

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事



1.once用作连词时,意为“一旦??就??”,用于连接时间状语从句,相当于as soon as。 如:

Once you start, you will never give up.



2. once用作副词时,意为“曾经;一度;从前”。它是一个不确定的时间副词,其位置一般是在行为动词之前,系动词之后。

如Once he lived in America, but now he lives in England.


3. once用作副词,也可意为“一次”的意思。两次是“twice”,三次是“three times”,四次

是“four times”。 The old professor comes to see us once a week.


4. 注意once用作副词时,在句中的位置不同表示的意思也不同,所以要特别注意。 如:

I once went to Shanghai. 我曾经去过上海。

I went to Shanghai once. 我去过上海一次。

5. once构成的一些短语的用法:

(1)at once(立刻;马上)

Finish the task at once. 请立刻完成任务。

(2)once again(再一次;又一次),相当于once more。

Read the passage once more. 把课文再读一遍。

(3)once in a while(偶尔;间或)

We went to see our English teacher once in a while.


4)all at once(突然),相当于suddenly。

All at once, they rushed out altogether.


(5)once upon a time(很早以前;从前)

Once upon a time there was an old man named John Hill.



1.think of as 2.consider as 3.regard as


Isn’t it dangerous to live there? 反义疑问句


是:Yes, it is. 不是:No, it isn’t.

Can’t you speak Chinese? Yes, I can. (你能说汉语是事实)

Can’t you speak Japanese? No, I can’t. (你不能说日语是事实)

(三)不定式to do修饰名词作定语

It’s a wonderful place

不定式to do翻译成“居住的”,修饰名词place。“居住的好地方”所以不定式做定语


1. You must come for a visit. 请你一定来参观。

2. Isn’t it dangerous to live there?回答:Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.(就是不是就不是。)

3. I think it is important for these people to feel good about themselves. 我认为对于这些人来说,自我感觉良好是重要的。

4. The world has changed for the better.世界变得更加美好。

5. With the money, it has built thousands of schools and trained 2,300 teachers. 它用这钱修建了数千所学校和图书馆并且培训了2300名教师。

6. Well, once they find people in need, they decide on suitable ways to help them. once conj. 一

旦?就?,adv. 一次, 从前

他们一旦发现有人需要帮助, 就选定适当的方式来帮助他们。

How do you like living here ?

=what do you think of living here?


1. 构词法:


合成名词:home +work= homework ; class + room = classroom

合成形容词:hand + made = hand-made hard +working = hard-working 合成代词:her + self = herself some + one = someone

合成动词:sleep + walk = sleep-walk under + line = underline

合成副词:every + where = everywhere some + where = somewhere 派生词:一个词通过加前缀或后缀构成一个新词。

前缀:dis- , im- , in- , un- , non - 表示“不”,为否定前缀 inter-, "互相,在--------之间" mini- “小”, pre- “在--------之前”, re- “重复”,

sub- “在---------下面”, super- “超”, tele- “远” 后缀:后缀通常使词由一种词类转为另一种词类。

常见后缀:?名词后缀:-ment -ness -sion -tion -er -or -ist -an -ess -ian -ance -ing -th ?形容词后缀:-ful -able -ous -y -ic/-cal -ive -less -al -ed -en -ing -ly

?动词后缀:-en -ize ④副词后缀:-ly



形容词转换为名词:daily(日常的——日报) 动词转换为名词:look(看,瞧) 形容词转换为动词:clean(清洁的——清扫) 副词转换为动词:down(向下——打倒,放下)


TV = television(电视) ad = advertisement (广告) WWW=(World Wide Web)

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