Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. “White Pollution” is still going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to 1) give your opinions briefly, and 2) make two or three suggestions.
I am a faithful reader of your newspaper and always appreciate your active reporting of the social problems. Therefore, I believe you will pay full attention to the situation that the plastic bags are still commonly used in some regions.
In my opinion, the above situation can be improved only when restrictions play their effective role.
Here are some suggestions to achieve it. The government should further strengthen the supervision and control of the production and circulation of plastic bags. What’s more, all social sectors should show their strong support. The shops can offer small gifts or discount to the customers who bring their own bags.
Designers can design beautiful cloth bags to attract shoppers to use them.
Since my own voice is too weak to be heard, I hope you can call on the public to reduce the use of the plastic bags. Yours sincerely Li Ming
As a student majoring in environmental protection, it is a disappointment to find the government’s effort on bagging the plastic shopping bags has not been successful. After a six-month’s grace period, the restrictions took effect last June. Yet, “White pollution” is far from in the bag. Experts say we discarded over 100 billion plastic bags last year, 90 percent of which end up in rivers, oceans, or landfills, where they can take up to 1000 years to decompose. To end this evil, a movement against the plastic bag should be carried out as soon as possible. The local government should make it illegal to offer plastic shopping bags. In the meantime, paper bags, degradable as they are, should also be banned. As making paper bags consumes millions of trees and it actually takes more energy to make paper bags than plastic. We should not trade one evil for another. Last but not least, we should encourage people to go green and to use reusable cloth bags when they need them. Yours sincerely Li Ming
I’m a sincere reader of your newspaper and I like your discussion of the social problems. Now I want to give some opinions of myself about the “White Pollution”.
As we know, regulation was made to solve the problem in June 1st of 2008. The use of plastic bags was
restricted in the supermarket and many other shops freely. At the beginning, it was carried on well, but now I
found plastic bags were used in some small shops for free or with no pay.
I am writing to tell you that we should solve this problem soon with the help of your newspaper. You
could make some investigators about it and write some reports of it, so as to appeal to all the people’s attentions of our society. Sincerely, Li Ming
As is illustrated in the cartoon, each person sits in their own work room. In front of them is a computer.
Everyone looks at the screen carefully, and communicate with their colleagues through the net instead of
talking face to face. Their work places are placed like a net. And below the cartoon, there is a topic which says: the near and far among the Internet.
From the cartoon, we can conclude that the cartoonist wants to convey such a message: with the
popularity of computers, people from all over the world become nearer by using the internet to
communicate with each other. Meanwhile, people also become far away from their friends. All of us accept
the fact that the development of the internet brings lots of conveniences to our daily life, for instance, we can
buy a book on the net instead of going to a bookstore. Besides, we can communicate with our friends on the net without going out of home. But we can’t ignore the other side of these: the time we spend with friends or
family becomes less. And we hardly see them once in a week. It will make us feel lonely if we continue to use the tool on the net to talk with friends instead of talking with them on the phone or going out with them.
To my best understanding, we should use the net to communicate with each other in a proper way. It is just a tool when we really need it to serve us. If we want to keep our friendship more effectively, we should spend more time with them in our real life. Only in this way can we not only make full use of the communication tool on the net but also make our friendship stronger. 大作文范文二（来自张剑真题解析）
An enormous net, which symbolizes the Internet, has connected together everyone---young and old, men
and women. People from every corner of the world are keeping in touch with each other just by clicking the
mouse and pressing keys on the keyboard. With its convenience and efficiency, the Internet is narrowing the distance between people in terms of both space and time. However the picture also shows: while the people enjoy surfing online, walls of barrier emerge unnoticed
and restrict each one of them to a narrow space. As time spending on Internet is on the rise, face-to-face
communication has experienced a rapid drop. And the reduction of contact in reality may result in feelings of distance and isolation. This can be illustrated by the example of a young couple who used to live a happy life. Since the third year of their marriage, they have got addicted to chatting online through QQ, each with a
computer in a different room. As time passed by, the couple gradually lost the desire to talk with each other. Eventually, the increasing isolation between them led to the end of their marriage.
Such vivid examples in our real life remind us that we shouldn’t over-rely on the Internet to
communicate. Instead, we need to actively interact with others in social activities. After all, the virtual net
world cannot be a substitute for the real world. So we must make use of the Internet judiciously and learn to respect the real people and real life.
This cartoon humorously shows that a number of cybercafé habitués, semi-reclined in their dim cubicle before a magnificent screen, are surfing the web in a street-corner Internet café. In fact, the parlor is so
crowded that it offers just enough elbow-room for them to log on the Net. Some of the surfers are seen playing
Internet video games, or watching movies while others are talking in the chat rooms.
What the picture conveys is far from what web users are doing in their virtual world. Instead it reveals a
thought-provoking phenomenon. The fact that these netters who are sitting so close but have no interaction between each other indicates that the Internet, which has bought us instant information from a long distance, may alienate those who are close-by. In other words, modern technology, which has, undoubtedly, brought us a
lot of convenience, may bring us curses. Since it takes only a computer with Internet connections to Web surf, or to play web games, more and more netters become indifferent and begin to live in solitude. They pay less and less attention to people and things around themselves. Besides, it is reported that a teenager has turned from a star student into a stung-out Internet addict in just a few months.
In spite of this, we should not wean ourselves away from new technology. Specifically, we should take
a positive attitude towards the Internet. On the one hand we can take advantage of the Internet to obtain the
biggest sources of information from the Web and to talk with friends from afar; on the other hand netizens
should aware of the weakness and disadvantages of cyberspace so as not to be addicted. Only in this way will we not be led by the nose, fall from grace and head for destruction. 20xx年真题范文
You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to
Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to make an apology, and suggest a solution. Dear Bob, （来自网络）
I am writing to express my apology to you.
Several days ago, I borrowed your music CD when I lived in your house. Unfortunately, after I came back
from Canada, I found it in my luggage. I was in such a hurry that I forgot to return it to you. I will send it to
you by post or express as soon as possible. If necessary, I will compensate for any troubles it may cause.
Once again, I feel so sorry for any inconvenience caused. Please accept my apologies. Sincerely yours, Li Ming
I am sorry about forgetting to return the music CD, which I borrowed from you last week. It was
completely my fault. I was so busy preparing for my leave that it must have slipped my mind.
To compensate for my carelessness, I have asked one of my friends, who will go to Canada for a visit next
week, to bring the CD back to you. He will contact you as soon as he arrives there.
Again, I would like to apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused you. Sincerely, Li Ming
As is illustrated in the picture, the two disabled persons whose crippled legs are bound together do a lot of
traveling. Accordingly, this far-reaching picture reflects a common phenomenon in today’s society: the
people who are in the dark want to turn the corner but they can not make it respectively and in turn they have
to choose to pull together in times of trouble.
There are several reasons accounting for this. Since we have to live in an on-the-move lifestyle, we may
encounter various plights, where we would be at a loss rather than to seek for others’ assistance. Further more, if we do not offer help to each other when we confront dilemma, we would not realize our dream. And no issue in China is as basic to build up the society in harmony as to conduct coordination in face of disasters.
Judging from what have been argued above, people have come to realize the value of mutual aid. It is,
therefore, necessary that some effective steps be made to advocate spirit of supporting each other. To begin
with, the government should make laws to encourage people to unite. In addition, people should enhance the awareness of caring each other especially when they are in trouble. Only in those ways, can we make people, even not being acquaintance, help each other. 大作文范文二：（来自张剑真题解析）--------十大经典之一
One cannot help but be moved by the drawing. It is a miracle that two single-legged men should
abandon their crutches they have to rely on. With the support of each other, they are striding confidently
towards their common destination. The caption at the bottom states that they will travel extensively from north to south together with their combined legs.
Just as the picture shows, even disabled people can make up a capable team, which is vividly illustrated
by the beautiful dance Kwan-yin of 1,000 Hands performed by 20 disabled girls during the CCTV Spring Festival Gala. However, the deeper meaning conveyed by the drawing is that only through cooperation can we change disadvantages into advantages.
In an increasingly inter-dependent society, personal competency alone is not sufficient. A single person
or organization can seldom accomplish a task without the help of others. It is the cooperation based on the
complementary advantages that will contribute to the ultimate success of a person or an organization. Today the spirit of cooperation is also very important for a country. The world is moving further toward political multi-polarization and economic globalization. To achieve the goal of win-win and the common development,
China has been actively participating in the cooperation with other developing countries in various fields. In conclusion, cooperation is essential element of success. 20xx年真题范文
Write a litter to your university library, making suggestions for improving its service. To Whom It May Concern,（新东方100篇）
As a student of this university, I would like to take the opportunity to express my appreciation for your
kind assistance as always. Meanwhile, I feel that it would be beneficial to express my views concerning the quality of the library service.
In the first place, I find that most keyboards of the library computers are in poor operation, which brings
much inconvenience to the users. I would also recommend the library to improve the efficiency of purchasing
new books and subscribing to academic journals. Last but not least, the study rooms need to be furnished with a better lighting system.
I hope that you take my suggestions into serious consideration. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
I am a student in this university who regularly come to the library to spend my spare time. Generally
speaking, the services you offer here is quite good; however, I have some suggestions for you to adopt. And I would like to extend my greatest appreciation if you are so kind as to take my suggestions into consideration.
To begin with, will you please prolong the time for reading? In the daytime, most of the students are
having class, so they can not come to the library. Moreover, some of the books on shelves are out of date. If you
are so kind as to provide us some books such as the latest magazines, we will be greatly honored.
I really wish to have a more comfortable library. Thank you for your time and consideration. Sincerely yours Li Ming
This picture shows a critical moment that can occur in any soccer game—a players is about to kick the ball
while the keeper is fully ready for the attack. Interestingly, the player and the keeper are experiencing quite
opposite psychological processes: the player thinks the task is extremely difficult as the goal is quite small
compared with the huge keeper, while the latter fears that the goal is too enormous for him to protect.
It is conspicuously indicated that in order to gain
confidence and achieve success, we not only need to
attain a thorough understanding of our own merits and disadvantages of ourselves, but also those aspects of our opponents. Both the player and the keeper merely focus on their own faults and their counterparts’
advantages, leading to their hesitation at the key time. In a recent interview of hurdler Liu Xiang, he revealed that his success is partly owed to his training team’s
study of his strong competitors around the world, so that he can learn from the others and is more confident
when facing any new race. Just as the ancient Chinese philosophical book The Art of War concludes, if you know yourself and your enemy, you’ll never lose a battle.
The cartoon illustrates two football players confronting each other before a penalty kick. The kicker is getting ready to
shoot on goal while the goalkeeper is about to defend the shot. At the critical moment, interestingly, both of them have lost
heart. The attacker who exaggerates the power of his opponent feels anxious about his inability to shoot in. The defender
minimizes himself, making it impossible for him to keep good guard.
The message conveyed in the picture seems to be that people tend to underestimate their abilities and magnify their
difficulties when confronted with challenges. The reason is that they are preoccupied with negative thoughts, which will
damage their self belief, confidence and achievements. However, a strong positive attitude can lead to success and even
Numerous examples can demonstrate the power of a positive attitude. For instance, there is a fierce competition among high-school graduates in China to pass the National College Entrance Exam. It is not uncommon to find students with
positive thinking often excel in the exam finally. Another case in point is Deng Yaping, the internationally famous athlete.
She is very short, but becomes a legend in world table-tennis field. Her perseverance and strong will enable her to win not only
18 major world champions but also respects from all over the world. 20xx年真题范文：
Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.
To Whom It May Concern, (XDF100篇)
My name is Li Ming, a college student of Peking University, and I am writing in the hope of your
assistance to find a needy child for whom I may provide financial support.
First and foremost I would like to declare that I possess the financial ability to implement this plan
owing to my decent income from part-time jobs. As to the candidate, I am hoping that he/she comes from an
elementary school of the less developed areas of Western China, who is forced out of school. I would like to
pay for his/her tuition fee and other school expenses until he/she graduates from university. Thank you for your time.
Yours cordially, Li Ming
Dear Sir or Madam, (王江涛冲刺)
Moved by the noble cause of Project Hope and encouraged by what has been achieved so far, I would like to contribute
my bit to the project by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area of your province.
I would be much grateful if you could help me seek out a girl who has just started schooling but whose family cannot
afford her education. My plan is to pay for her tuition on an annual basis till she finishes her secondary education. I would
like to remit my donation directly to a bank account opened by her family in her local area.
As is vividly depicted in the photos above, Beckham, the handsome British football superstar, is enjoying a
striking popularity among young people. In the first photo, Beckham’s name appears on a young man’s face.
The caption indicates that worship for the idol is written on the face. In the second photo, this young man is
doing Beckham’s chic hairstyle in a barbershop. We are
informed that he is spending 300 Yuan imitating his idol’s hairstyle.
Undoubtedly, the photos have subtly reflected the social phenomenon that idol worship is prevalent among
the youth nowadays. Beckham represents the image of sport hero whose handsome appearance and
unparalleled football skills are passionately adored by all the sports fans. Likewise, several teenage girls won
their fame overnight in The 2005 Super Girl Contest in China, which provoked nationwide noisy debates on the value and harm of admiring these idols. Generally speaking, young people are inclined to adore the people who excel in appearance, intelligence or talent.
Hence, idol worship, the thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword which can exert profound influence on the growth of young people. If we simply worship the idols by imitating their hairstyles or pursuing fashions unreasonably, the obsession will certainly waste us a great deal of money or time,
endangering the efficiency of our work. On the contrary, we will lead a positive and fruitful life if we
endeavor to improve ourselves by bridging the gap between our models and us. Accordingly, the latter attitude should be adopted to direct our way of life. (255字)
The two pictures illustrate vividly the popularity of the famous British soccer star David Beckham. In the left picture a
man painted Beckham’s name on his face to show his support for Beckham, while in the right another is willing to spend three
hundred Yuan to have a hairstyle that is exactly the same as Beckham’s.
From the two pictures we can sense a crazy tendency of idol worship in today’s China. Star fans, the majority of whom
are teenagers and young adults, are used to blindly following every aspect of celebrities’ behavior, accepting both positive and
negative influences as universal truths. Aside from Beckham, another telling example is the nation-wide “Super-Girl
competitions” held in past two years in China. They were so successful in drawing fans’ attention and emotions that the ups
and downs of the “super girls” had almost constituted the whole lives of their frenetic followers.
Admittedly, it is natural that those cool and fashionable stars seem attractive to the youth. Nevertheless, it is the responsibility of our government and society to guide young people in building a wholesome outlook towards the world and
life. In my opinion, what’s most important is to have them adore worthy values and qualities, such as honesty, diligence, and persistence.
Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Design & Fashion. But now you find that the work
is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, and stating your reason(s).
Dear Mr. Wang, (新东方100篇)
I am writing to inform you of my intention of withdrawing from my current position in this magazine.
Though having worked here for merely two months, I, unfortunately, find that this job is quite different
from my expectation. First of all, I have to say that my salary is far from satisfying, which barely sustains
me in this expensive city. Moreover, so far I have never had the responsibility of any challenging task.
I apologize in advance for any inconvenience it might bring to you.
Dear Mr. Wang, （XDF讲义汪江涛08冲刺）
I am much grateful to be employed by you two months ago as an editor for your magazine Design &
Fashions. I appreciate the opportunity of having worked here with you and other colleagues. The experiences will be unforgettable throughout my life.
However, as a young man whose primary interest is in computer science rather than fashion designing, I
find my present job doesn’t fall in with my previous training and strength. I therefore decide to quit this job for something else that may conform to my former preparation.
Please accept my sincere apologies for any inconveniences my leaving may occur.
As is vividly depicted in the cartoon, four children are playing a "football match" of taking care of their aged father. Each of them stands in a different corner of a football field. The eldest son kicked out the father with the other three children guarding their goals.
The purpose of the drawing is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the mistreatment of senior
citizens. First and foremost, some people shirk their duty of financially supporting their old and helpless
parents due to their own interests. Furthermore, some elderly people are often ill-treated by their own children and cannot lead a normal life. Last but not least, while some young people enjoy a comfortable life, their parents are neglected and reduced to utter poverty.
It is imperative for us to take drastic measures. To begin with, relevant laws and regulations should be
made to severely punish those who shun the responsibilities of caring their parents. In addition, we should
cultivate the awareness of the young that respecting the old has always been the traditional virtue of Chinese
culture. Only in this way can we curb the current evil phenomenon revealed in the picture. (198)
The cartoon displays a very special and thought-provoking soccer game: the four goals are kept by an
old man’s three sons and one daughter, while the old man himself becomes the ball, being kicked among the
four corners by his “beloved” children. It is clearly indicated that none of them is willing to spare a tiny
portion of time and money to repay their old father who have raised them.
Through the artistic presentation, we can be easily reminded of a popular phenomenon in today’s
society, that is, disrespect towards elders and shirking of the responsibility of nursing aging parents. The
boosting economic development in China sadly witnesses a deterioration of the public awareness of filial duty,
which had taken an indispensable position in traditional Chinese values for thousands of years. However, as the society grows more benefit-oriented, the once unbroken bond between parents and children is fundamentally shaken and begins to collapse.
In my point of view, the trend goes quite against the genuine and original purpose of our pursuit of
wealth and welfare, that is, to shape a rich life both materially and mentally. Thinking of the love we
received from our parents when swaggering babies, we must realize that repaying parents by a happy life with financial and psychological support is not only a duty that should not be shrugged off, but a key element to achieve a harmonious society.
The cartoon vividly depicts an intense football match with participants involving an old father, his three
sons and his daughter. What makes the cartoon surprising lies in the fact that all the children play the role of
goalkeepers in all four corners, while the father crouches into the shape of a football? As the football rolls to
each corner, the goalkeeper tries to block its way and kick it away.
Undoubtedly, the picture arouses deep concern over the issue of caring for old parents. Nowadays, Chinese
family system is dominated by nuclear family and DINK style. The senior citizens tend to suffer from all sorts
of diseases and have no means to support themselves, but the children are so self-centered that some of them
shirk the responsibility of supporting their parents. Even worse, some children have betrayed their own conscience to ill-treat parents.
Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some effective measures. On the one hand, we should appeal to our governments to make concrete laws to protect the parents’ legal rights and punish those cold-blooded
children. On the other hand, we should enhance people’s awareness that caring for the aged is the traditional
virtue of Chinese culture. More importantly, we should not only support the parents financially but also
care about their emotional need. The popular song “Back Home Regularly” has reflected such a public appeal.
Only in this way that parents can lead an enjoyable and comfortable life in their late years. Also I believe
that compatible family relationships to some extent contribute to build a harmonious society.
It is vividly depicted in the cartoon that a boy is running along the racetrack with pains-taking efforts, sweat
pouring down his face. After a long journey, he is making the final spurt toward the finishing line, with firm
resolution to become the champion. It seems that he could rest for a while to enjoy the ecstasy of victory.
However, straight ahead lies a sign which indicates a new "starting point" and urges him to continue rushing to the next destination.
Undoubtedly the cartoon conveys the meaning that life is like the process of running in which one should
make constant efforts and never stop making progress. Owing to the quickening pace of life, competition
goes increasingly fierce in all walks of life, stimulating everyone to pursue one goal after another. Once a
person stops making progress, he can hardly maintain his past glory and survive in this competitive world.
As Deng Xiaoping, the great Chinese leader said, "Development is the only way." No matter how powerful a country is, no matter how successful a specific institution, it will definitely seek new development in high
speed. Generally speaking, neither a country nor a person can remain stagnant.
A case in point is the successful launching of "Shenzhou V Spacecraft" which sets china in a high position of
aviation and space flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are facing new challenges in the future and need to do further research in space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us, the examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a university, we shall not stop making
efforts. Instead, we are confronted with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses. We still
have to strive for success in our future academic study, employment and career. On the whole, these examples effectively clarify the saying that "destination is another starting point." (317)讲 大作文范文二（新东方19分范文）
As is shown in the picture, on arriving at the finishing line of a race on the playground, the lovely young man
has to continue his new journey in no time instead of stopping to take a rest. He has successfully settled the puzzle of “stopping or going on” which might have confused many others.
With the increasing pace of modern life, perhaps no change has characterized the past decade more
dramatically than that of people’s view on their own life. It is generally agreed upon that people have to
adjust themselves to this new change. On the one hand, no doubt, people will gain a lot by setting new goals
in their daily life. Take the famous scientist Thomas Edison for example. He had done very well in his early life, but continued to pursue something more difficult all through his life. On the other hand, if one is obsessed with the success he has achieved, he would lose the chance to pursue new success. What is more, he may
become the slave of his success. There are many cases showing that people lose their courage to better themselves after becoming successful.
To sum up, one’s view on his success determines his future. In my opinion, it is necessary to carry out a
nation-wide campaign publicizing people who have a burning desire for more and ever greater
achievement when they are already well-known. So that people in the society will develop a forward-looking
attitude and make their life worth living and the world more beautiful as well.
The set of drawings above vividly depicts the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. As is shown in
the first cartoon, the flower is placed in a comfortable greenhouse which shelters it from the threatening
lightening and storm. With proper temperature, moisture and fertilizer, the flower is growing in full bloom.
On the contrary, when removed from the greenhouse and exposed to the driving rain, the flower soon fades and withers, with the petals cast about on the grounds. The purpose of the drawings is to show us that the flower growing in the green house cannot withstand the
test of the storm, yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously. The delicate flower is naturally associated with young people, to be specific, the only children in our current society; the
greenhouse epitomizes parents' doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield the children from
the storms, or the harsh reality. Once the young people begin to seek independence and accept challenges from the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties.
Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought-provoking drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten the youth to be more independent in life. On the
other hand, parents should be sensible enough to give their children more freedom to deal with troubles and
problems. Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong
personality and ability, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world. (272)对照 学生满分范文修正版：(何钢课堂讲)
There is no denying that the purpose of the pictures is to reveal us a common and serious problem in
China: how to educate and bring up children. In the picture one, the flower blooms in the greenhouse despite the
storm outside. On the contrary, it perishes under the storm when put outside. It can be seen that the flower in the greenhouse can not withstand the storm.
Nowadays the younger generation in China, like the flower in the greenhouse, lives under the full protection of their parents. Parents want to show all their love to their children. They give their children all the best things
they can afford and do not let their children do anything at home. Self-centeredness and arbitrariness have
become a trait of the young. Once leaving their parents, many young people cannot make a living of their own. They get lost when stepping into the complex reality and cannot face any hardships and difficulties.
Child education has become one of the most popular topics discussed not only by educational experts, but also by people in all walks of life. The failure of child education does more harm to the development of our society
and our civilization than to the children themselves. Thus, it is high time that parents, educators and the
government made concerted efforts to put an end to this situation.
The picture vividly depicts a lovely American girl in traditional Chinese costume with a sweet smile on her face. She wears ribbons, necklaces and other accessories that are characteristic of the clothes of a certain
Chinese minority group. Undoubtedly, the costume has added oriental charm to her beautiful appearance.
What the picture conveys goes far beyond only a new fashion trend. Instead, it carries cultural meanings.
The fact that people from different countries are attracted to mysterious Chinese culture indicates that to
some extent a culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared internationally. In other words, a nation's unique culture can become international through worldwide economic and cultural exchanges. Since
the trend of globalization become irresistible, cultural communication can effectively improve mutual understanding and friendship.
In my opinion, national culture, as priceless spiritual treasure, should be preserved and cherished. Meanwhile, there are good reasons to advocate international culture,
for those ideas from the other cultures, controversial
or even absurd at first sight, can provide a different perspective for us to observe the world in the long run. However, when we are confronted with a different culture, we should be sensible enough to absorb its essence
and to resist its dark side. Only in this way can we promote cultural development positively and make our world dimensional, colorful and vigorous. (220)25分
Nowadays, “national culture or international culture” has become a matter of great concern for the
general public in our society, especially for those who are confronted with this problem. Now let’s take a look
at the American girl in traditional Chinese costume. She looks very beautiful with a nice smile on her face. It seems that the girl is very fond of the Chinese costume. Obviously, the picture indicates that a culture of one nation may become international, which is
beneficial to all the human beings. Since China has opened its door widely to the outside world, many people
from different countries want to visit China. They will accept and love the Chinese culture as a whole. In
addition, Chinese culture should be well shared with foreign people who have shown their great interest in it. Meanwhile, the Chinese people are also exposed to foreign cultures when more foreign people come to China.
In this way people from various nations in the world will be able to acquire better understanding of each other and live peacefully in this world.
My opinion about this cultural phenomenon is that a national culture should become international.
This is because the culture of any nation is a kind of precious heritage, and belongs to the whole mankind. 20xx年真题范文爱心是一盏灯
When we use the word "love", we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex, which is
a very narrow definition of the word. The picture below illustrates the real meaning of love, by stressing
the fact that love is emotional strength, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us
becomes. In fact, throughout history people of many different cultures have regarded love as the noblest of human emotions.
As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond
to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by
international standards, people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can — be it
money or goods — to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of gain for themselves.
In my opinion, the best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are. We should
always be ready to give a helping hand to those who are in trouble, no matter whether they are family
members or complete strangers. In this way, we can help to make the world a better place, for, as the picture
shows, the darker the shadows of sorrow become, the more brightly the lamp of love shines. (232 01满分范文修正版：（何钢课堂讲、王海涛讲）十大经典之八
There is probably no other feeling that is nobler than love. Everybody not only needs love, but also should
give others love. As can be seen from the picture, “love is a lamp which is brighter in darker places.” This is
indeed true. Those who in darker places need more light than other people. Maybe even a dim light can give
them much hope for a better life. Maybe just a thread of light will call forth their strength and courage to help them step out of their difficulties.
I can think of no better illustration of this idea than the following examples. For instance when someone is
starving to death, just a little food and water from you may save his (her) life. Again, when a little girl in a poor
rural area drops out of school because of poverty, just a small sum of money from you may support her to
finish her schooling and change her life. In these cases, you have given love which is like a lamp in a dark place where light is most needed.
To sum up, we should offer our help to all the needed. We expect to get love from others and we also give love
to others. So when you see someone in difficulty or in distress and in need of help, don’t hesitate to give your love to him (her). I believe then the relationship between people will be harmonious and our society will be a better place for us to live in.
As is shown in the pictures, with the rampancy of commercial fishing, the number of fishes dramatically decreased. In picture one, there were various kinds of fish and only one fishing-boat in 1900. On the
contrary, in 1995 there was only one fish, but many fishing-boats. The purpose of the pictures is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the reduction of ocean
resources. Owing to over-fishing the number of fishes has obviously dropped. If we let this situation go as it
is, we do not know where fish will be in the future. By that time, our environment will suffer a great destruction.
Therefore, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to our
authorities to make strict laws to control commercial fishing. For another, we should enhance the
awareness of people that the ocean resources are vital to us. Only in this way can we protect our ocean
resources. Also I believe that we humans can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a brighter future. 新东方冲刺满分范文
The picture unveils a drastic change of ocean ecology during the past century due to the expanding scale of world commercial fishing. There were few fishing ships on the sea in 1900 when an enormous number of fish swam freely; in contrast, in 1995 a large fleet of ships were endeavoring to search for the only fish in the sea. The tremendous contrast presented by the drawing alarmingly reminds us of the detrimental deterioration of oceanic ecosystem by the greediness of mankind. The industry of commercial fishing had undergone a
booming expansion along with the growing public awareness of the merits of seafood, which made fishing unusually profitable. Lacking knowledge regarding the significance of ecological balance, businessmen sent
out ships that insatiably chased fishes and thus posed a severe threat to all life in the sea. However, this trend may in turn endanger humankind.
To prevent the exhaustion of ocean resources, governments should unite to work out effective measures against commercial fishing. For instance, there should be limitations on fishing time and location so as to
reduce the exploitation of the sea. Moreover, people also call for laws and regulations that are responsible for
punishing excessive fishing. Last but not the least, the public attachment to the importance of balance
preservation would play a decisive role in saving ocean species from extinction.
The two charts show that the increase in the U.S. population has been accompanied by a corresponding decline in the number of wildlife species. Far too many
species have been lost already. This poses a danger to the ecological balance.
As the human population expands, wild animals in mounting numbers are hunted for food, or because they are thought to present a threat to man. But studies show that one of the primary causes of the disappearance
of wildlife is pollution, which is one of the consequences of population growth and economic development.
This makes us wonder if men are able to share this planet in harmony with other life forms.
In my opinion, it is imperative for us to take steps to reverse the disturbing trend illustrated in the charts.
One measure would be to forbid the building of cities in areas where wild life is threatened with extinction.
But, more importantly, men must learn to stop polluting the environment, or he himself will be extinct. (167) 学生满分作文修订版（何钢课堂讲）14分修改
From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the growth of human population, the number of
species has decreased rapidly in America, and some species have even vanished from our planet.
Why does this phenomenon take place? There are several possible reasons accounting for this. To begin
with, as the human population expands, people in growing numbers came to live where some wild species
have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably cannot adapt to the
new environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people may look on them as living meet and walking fur. They catch a lot of wild animals and sell them in order to get more money. Even worse, owing to the development of the industry, the natural balance and the ecological
environment are destroyed. The clear cutting has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife becomes homeless and extinct.
In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. On the one hand, strict laws must make to prevent
them from being caught and killed. On the other hand, the governments should educate people to love the
nature and protect it. Last but not least, as for ourselves, we should take practical actions to protect our living environment.（背这些措施） 19xx年真题范文
As can be seen from the humorous cartoon, a hen, while laying eggs, is proudly promising that her eggs are all normal and oval-shaped rather than twisted. Besides, they all consist of shells, egg whites and yokes. Since the hen is emphasizing a simple fact known to everyone, the promise sounds rather meaningless and queer.
Undoubtedly, the drawing has symbolically revealed a serious problem in our daily life, the widespread
meaningless promises made by people from all walks of life. In particular, some profit-driven enterprises take
advantage of such promises to win people’s trust and favor. Although their products have nothing to
recommend, they present misleading advertisements and deceptive descriptions to exaggerate their ordinary
work. Similarly, some individuals, obsessed with fame and success, try every means to publicize their deeds,
but actually they are just assuming their duties. Such empty promises and boasts will definitely do great harm to people as well as to the society.
Hence, Measures should be taken to terminate the ridiculous practices. For one thing, authorities should establish some regulations to prohibit enterprises and people from making such promises. For another,
people should get ready to pass criticism upon empty promises anytime and anywhere. After all, it is
imperative to develop our society by performing hard work instead of talking nonsense. (215) 98新东方范文二
In this cartoon, a hen is assuring the public that the eggs she lays are completely round, without any square
corners, and that they all have shells and yolks. It seems amusing for the hen to be taking credit for doing
nothing more than her duty——to lay ordinary eggs. But there is a deeper social message in this cartoon.
Recently it has become common for people in many walks of life to make a lot of high-sounding promises.
For instance, administration departments promise efficient performance of their tasks, without any bribery
involved. Again, commercial enterprises promise to provide excellent products at reasonable prices and with warm service. At first, we feel that we should thank them for making extra efforts on our behalf; but, upon
reflection, we realize that they all have a basic responsibility to do things that they promise.
“Good wine needs no bush.” If businesses and administration do their jobs properly and serve the people, they
will prosper without having to make a lot of meaningless promises.
The past several years have witnessed a phenomenon that a variety of promises have been arising from all
walks of life. Regrettably, quite a lot of promises are sheer nonsense, just as the hen in the given cartoon
commits herself to lay eggs which are round without angles and corners and have shells, egg whites and yolks. Odds and funny as they sound, such false promises can be seen and heard everywhere in our country.
Administration departments assure to perform their tasks effectively and fairly without taking any bribes;
manufacturing units guarantee to turn out products of good quality; commercial enterprises swear to
provide genuine commodities and polite and enthusiastic services. Can you find anything new and substantial
other than their obligations, duties and jobs in these so called promises? I guess your answer will be negative. As a matter of fact, their intention to make such commitments is nothing but to put on civilized outer clothing to please or deceive the public.
I dare say that your society is suffering corruption and cheat which are causing damage to society both
materially and morally. But the hen and her like should know that by dishonest words no one can survive the intense competition under market economy system. They should remember the old saying, “Honesty is the best policy”. 19xx年范文04年大纲样题
The majority of people would agree that cigarette smoking has caused serious problems. Yet the tobacco
corporations insist that they contribute greatly to the world economy by paying taxes to the government and employing hundreds of workers.
Personally, I assume that cigarette production and consumption threatens to do more harm than good. To begin with, smoking is responsible for many fatal diseases such as lung cancer, heart attacks, to name only a
few. According to the recent survey, tobacco consumers account for about 20% of the world population, and
among them, three million people die from smoking-related illnesses every year. The fact that the output of
tobacco production is reduced from 14.364 billion pounds in 1994 to 14.2 billion pounds in 1995 also indicates
that people have come to realize the negative effects of smoking. In addition, tobacco consumption is
extremely wasteful of money. As is indicated in the pictures, 200 billion US dollars is lost due to smoking every year. Obviously, the total loss of money around the
globe substantially exceeds the gain in industry.
In conclusion, as the economic development aims at making our life better, we cannot sacrifice our health for short-term financial benefits. If we have to spend more and more money providing medical services for those who suffer from smoking-related illnesses, the notion of promoting economy via tobacco production is not
justifiable. It is high time that we fought for the total tobacco ban.（新东方汪海涛讲）
We meet smokers everywhere: in the streets, on college campuses and in shops. There are 5.8 billion people in the world, and the smokers are about 1.1 billion, which makes up 20 percent of the world’s total population.
Smoking is very harmful. I think there are two main aspects to the damage. First, smoking consumes a great deal of money. As is shown in the pictorial graph, smoking wastes 200 billion dollars and it is the main cause of
lung cancer. About 3 million people die because of the relevant diseases derived from smoking every year.
Because more and more people are aware of the great harm of smoking to humans, the amount of tobacco
consumption is on the decrease. Form the following figures we can clearly see the tendency. The total
amount of world tobacco production added up to 14.364 billion pounds in 1994, but it dropped to 14.2 billion
pounds in 1995. At the same time, many countries call on people to give up smoking. So it is certain that the number of smokers is to decrease. 19xx年范文二
Tobacco is one of the commodities that are consumed in an immense amount worldwide. From the pictures,
we can learn that the global smoking population amounts to 1.1 billion, approximately 20% of all the
worlds’ residents. 200 billion dollars are spent annually in order to purchase tobacco and relevant products,
which further stimulate the business’ flourishing development. Meanwhile, the harm caused by tobacco consumption is experiencing a similar upward trend—statistics indicates that 3,000,000 people die of smoking
and related diseases every year.
Nevertheless, given the pessimistic statistics at the present, we can still predict optimistically that tobacco
consumption will decline based on several new tendencies that are emerging. In the first place, there is an
extensive public awareness of the negative impact of
smoking, and as a result, more people resist the
temptation of cigarettes. In the second place, governments are setting more regulations to limit tobacco
production. The effectiveness of such a policy was testified by the prompt drop of the tobacco production from
14.364 billion in 1994 pounds to 14.2 billion pounds in 1995 as seen in the picture.
In short, I firmly believe that, with the efforts of the whole society, we can launch more movements to realize a cleaner world with less smoking.
The desire for good health is universal. With the quickening pace of urban life and ever-increasing
pressure, people in mounting numbers are suffering either physical or mental problems. It is universally
acknowledged that good health is the key to a happy life and a successful career.
There are numerous ways of keeping fit. First and foremost, it is most effective to do physical exercises. People respectively choose jogging, playing basketball, swimming, skating, climbing or riding as their regular exercises in that exercises never fail to make us stronger and more energetic. Moreover, we should put great
emphasis on forming good habits. A balanced diet and sufficient sleep are both indispensable to physical
fitness. More importantly, mental health should also be taken seriously. Especially in adversity, we need to
maintain an optimistic mentality to pull through life’s pain and sorrow, twists and turns.
As far as I am concerned, I have a peculiar interest in yoga exercise. An hour’s exercise every day usually
makes me feel healthier and more vigorous. Besides, I never touch any cigarette or wine; neither do I stay up late. Instead, I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’clock at night for I suppose burring the midnight oil is harmful to health. What is more, an optimistic attitude toward life makes me confident and persistent. To
sum up, all these practices guarantee a fit health and a happy life. (236) 19xx年真题范文:爱心THE “PROJECT HOPE”
Education plays a very important role in the modernization of our country. Without a well-educated
population, China will not be able to achieve its planned economic growth, catch up with the developed
nations technologically or improve the living standards of its people. Yet, according to recent statistics, there are over two million children in China who have dropped out of school because their parents are too poor to pay the fees.
At the moment, the authority has too many things to do as it build up the economy, and cannot afford the
money needed to get those children back to school. And so a nationwide drive is necessary to raise funds to
rescue them from illiteracy and ignorance. That drive is called the “Project Hope”. The project is a timely
response to the problem, and many children living in the poverty-stricken parts of China now have a more
brilliant future because of the generosity of the people who have donated money to it.
Nevertheless, the “Project Hope” is only a temporary measure, and not a permanent solution. What is needed is a properly funded education system so that all children can be guaranteed an education which will equip
them to play their roles to the full in the modernization of China. (211)
19xx年真题范文:友谊ON MAKING FRIENDS
As a human being, one can hardly do without a friend. In fact, friends are sometimes more vital and useful
to us than our own family members. Our joys are more pleasant when we have a friend to share them; and our sorrows are easier to bear if we have a friend at our side. Indeed, we sometimes find it easier to confide in
friends when we have secrets we are reluctant to reveal to even our closest relatives.
Unfortunately, not all the people we are accustomed to calling friends are friends in the true sense of the
word; most of the people we share social occasions with are merely acquaintances. Real friendship involves
sincerity, mutual trust and self-sacrifice, both in moments of happiness and on occasions of crisis. A true friend will not just tell us what we want to hear, but advise us to do what he or she assumes is really best for us in the long run.
My principle in making friends is to ignore things like what work they do and what their social backgrounds are, but, instead, to observe carefully the little things that reveal their characters. Only in this way can I be
sure that these friends will never let me down, and that we will always be ready to help each other no matter what problems crop up. (226) 19xx年真题范文二:
As a proverb goes, a life without a friend is a life without a
sun. It is true that everybody needs friends.
Namely, without a friend, you’ll feel lonely and gloomy. Suppose you are in trouble, whom will you turn to
for help if you have no friend? And you may also want to share your feelings and communicate your opinions
with someone. In this case we find it necessary to make friends.
It goes without saying that a friend in need is a friend indeed. A friend should be one you can turn to for help, one who likes to share joy and hardships with you, one you can trust and one who won’t turn his back on you. A friend may argue with you but never lose temper. A devoted friend should keep in contact with you even he lives elsewhere. Quite some people try to make more friends if he lives elsewhere. Quite some people try to make more friends with those who can offer help. The result is that friendship often lasts until they are of no use to each other.
As far as I am concerned, I like to choose friends mainly according to their characters rather than their
social position or their money. I like to make friends with those who have something in common with me or
have the merits I do not have. We shall help each other to improve our studies and work and be always ready
to help each other. What is more, friends should be honest and reliable.
19xx年真题范文:电视广告ADVERTISEMENT ON TV Today, advertisements in mounting numbers are appearing on the TV screen. They are not only shown
before and after all kind of programs——news, weather forecasts, quiz shows, and so on——but even interrupt dramas and movies, and annoy the viewers.
The factors for this phenomenon are that, to begin with, TV is most efficient and rapid way of disseminating
information. As China develops its highly competitive market economy, manufactures and sales people need to inform the general public of the latest commodities that are available. Furthermore, TV stations use the
money that they earn from showing the advertisements to produce more programs. Last but not least, it is
necessary to keep consumers informed of the range of products that they may choose from.
Accordingly, advertisements on TV serve three useful purposes. Nevertheless, the TV stations should avoid showing advertisements which are of poor quality and make sure that advertisements do not appear so
frequently that they spoil the viewers’ enjoyment of his or her favorite programs. (167)
19xx年真题范文:代沟FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN PARENT AND CHILD Nowadays there is often a lack of understanding between parent and child. As children get older, they become
less eager to communicate with their parents, and a so-called “generation gap” is formed.
There are many causes for this. First of all, parents tend to be conservative and satisfied with what they have,
while children are always keen to experience something new, and are quick to adopt new fashions and ways of thinking. Parents, because they have a better understanding of the dangers in society, criticize their youngsters’’ behavior and are reluctant to let them have their own way. At the same time, children regard
their parents as old-fashioned and ignorant of the modern world.
To dispel such misunderstanding, I reckon that parents should realize that their their children do not need
constant protection so much as help to stand on their own feet as independent young people. Meanwhile,
children should recognize that their parents have a wealth of experience, and appreciate their advice and assistance. (165)
19xx年真题范文:住哪里-城乡差别WHERE TO LIVE---IN THE CITY OR THE COUNTRY?
Many people appreciate the conveniences of the city. The city offers a wide choice of jobs for adults and
schools for children. It also provides plenty of facilities for culture, entertainment and recreation—restaurants,
department stores, cinemas, and so on. Besides, transportation is usually well developed in the city, with a variety of modes of travel, including buses, trams and subways.
In the country, on the other hand, one can enjoy the advantages of fresh air and food, and a more relaxed
life style. Housing is usually spacious and inexpensive in the country. And, as for recreation, what could be
more relaxing than a stroll down a country lane amid beautiful scenery?
Conversely, there are disadvantages to living in either the city or the country. City air tends to be polluted,
and the streets are always crowded and noisy. In the country, by contrast, the lack of stimulating activities can make a person feel bored and isolated.
All in all, I would say that living in the city is best, for the convenience the city offers in terms of education
and work; after all, one can always spend vacations in the country——and get the best of both. (198) 第二部分 精选必背作文素材
在健康方面心理方面有什么影响，等等，这样就有话说。所以记忆这些万金油式的保底词汇是非常必要的。 第一节：九大原则词汇 一、金钱原则词汇 资产 asset v.
浪费 be extravagant 预算 budget n.
消费品 consumer goods 贵重的 costly a. 存钱 deposit vt.
经济负担 economic burden 经济困难 economic difficulty 花费 expend vt.
奢侈的 extravagant a.
资助 finance n. 接受某人的资助
经济资助 finance aid 给某人经济资助 资金紧张 finance strain 某部门资金紧张 政府税收 government revenue
医疗保健 healthcare 政府的医疗保健 无家可归 homeless 饥饿 hunger n. 收入 income n. 保险 insurance n. 投资 invest v. 失业者 jobless n.
下岗工人 laid-off worker 滥用 lavish v.
有限的公共资金 limited public funds 赚钱的 lucrative a. 豪华的 luxurious a.
挥霍 money-consuming a. 拜金主义的 money-oriented a. 必需品 necessity n. 贫困的 needy a. 透支 overdraft v. 抵押 pawn v. 财产 property
节约紧缩开支 retrench vi. 赢利的 profitable a. 津贴 subsidize v. 纳税人 taxpayer 福利 welfare
有氧运动 aerobic exercise 平衡饮食 balanced diet 有害健康的 be physically damaging 过于肥胖的 bloated 致癌的 cancer-causing 食肉类的 carnivorous adj 慢性的 chronic
方便食品 convenience food 治愈 cure
头昏眼花的 dizzy 危及 endanger vt
精力充沛的 energetic adj. 传染病 epidemics 根除 eradicate vt. 使恶化 exasperate vt.
过量摄入 excessive intake 排气 exhaust 疲劳 fatigue n.
高脂肪高热量 high fat and calorie 免疫的 immune
绝症 incurable disease 消化不良 indigestion 懒惰的 indolent adj.
传染病 infectious disease 失眠症 insomnia n. 垃圾食品 junk food 慢跑 jog
预期寿命 life expectancy 减肥 lose weight 疾病 malady
营养不良 malnutrition 医学的 medical 近视 near-sighted
营养品 nourishment n. 器官移植 organ transplant 超重 overweight 预防 prevention 治疗 treatment 肿瘤 tumor
提供营养 nourish 卡路里 calorie 饥饿 starvation
营养不良 malnutrition 三、智力原则词汇
表达能力 ability of expression 洞察力 acumen 熟练的 adept
赏识 appreciate vt. 评价 assessment n. 智力 brains n
发挥才干 bring into the talents 证书 certificate n.
创造性的 creative adj 培养 cultivate vt.
识别力 discernment n. 天资 endowment n. 开发 explore vt. 幻想的 fantastic adj. 理想主义 idealism n. 个性 individuality n. 天赋 inherence n. 本能的 instinctive adj. 智商 intelligence quotient 有文化 literacy 掌握 master vt.
值得称赞的品质 merit n. 激情 passion n. 观点 perspective n.
充分发挥 put into great play 素质教育 quality education 荒谬的 ridiculous adj. 生存能力 survival ability
依赖科技的technology-dependent adj. 远程教育 tele-education n. 思维模式 thinking pattern 智慧 wit n.
传统与现代巧妙结合 a clever blend of traditional and modern
同一的世界文化 a homogenous world culture 归属感 a sense of belonging 土著文化 aboriginal culture
吸取精华 absorb the quintessence 吸收 absorb
美学价值 aesthetic 祖先 ancestor 古代的 ancient
人类学家 anthropologists 陈旧观念 antiquated idea 艺术价值 artistic value 同化 assimilate vt.
丰富的 be abundant adj. 传递 be passed down
灿烂光辉的文化 brilliant and gorgeous culture
发扬光大 carry forward 著名的 celebrated
特有的 characteristic adj 文明的 civilized adj. 凝聚力 cohesion n.
文化摇篮 cradle of culture 培养 cultivate vt. 文化习惯 cultural habit 文化遗产 cultural heritage 文化特性 cultural identity
文化古迹 cultural objects and historicrelics 文化、精神和学术生活 cultural, spiritual, and intellectual life 狂热的崇拜 cult n. 破坏 devastate vt.
知识的传播 diffusion n. 多样性 diversity n.
民族文化特色 ethnic and cultural identity 节日气氛 festivity n. 民间艺术 folk art
文化全球一体化 globalization of culture 博大精深 great and profound 手工艺 handicraft n. 历史文物 historic relics 文盲 illiteracy
不朽的 immortal adj. 正流行 in vogue
根深蒂固的看法 ingrain notion 继承 inherit n.
有意义的 instructive adj. 少数民族 minority n.
民族特性 national identity 民族自豪感 national pride 思想开放 open-minded adj. 不流行了的 out of fashion 外来影响 outside influence 通俗的 popular adj. 宝贵的 precious adj.
取其精华去其糟粕 reject the dross and assimilate the essence 表现、象征 represent vt. 保护 retention n. 社会学 sociology n. 壮丽的 splendid adj. 时髦的 stylish adj. 表面的 superficial adj.
传统文化教育traditional cultural education 以??为骄傲 take pride in 种族传统 tribal traditions 多样性 variety n. 五、道德原则词汇 虐待 abuse,
好斗的 aggressive adj.
自私自利的人 an egocentric person
易受社会恶习的侵蚀 be prone to social ills 虐待儿童 child abuse
家庭暴力 domestic violence
有深远的影响 have a tremendous impact 无知 ignorance
不成熟的 immature adj. 干涉 intervention n. 青少年的 juvenile adj. 松散的纪律 lax discipline 引入歧途的 misleading adj. 天真的 naive
负面的影响 negative role model 不恰当的材料 offensive material
家长的过分宽容 parental permissiveness 犯罪 perpetrate
不正当的 perverted adj. 恰当的指引 proper guidance 合理化 rationalization
抵挡住诱惑 resist the temptation 危险的行为 risky behaviors 行为榜样 role model
单亲家庭 single-parent family 宠坏的 spoiled adj.
密切家庭感情 strengthening the family ties 把虚幻当现实 take fantasy for reality 抚养 upbringing 受害者 victim n. 粗俗的 vulgar adj.
扫除文盲 wipe out illiteracy 六、感情原则词汇
充满深情的 affectionate adj. 忧虑 anxiety n. 孤独 apartness n, 愉快的 cheerful adj.
性格相似的 congenial adj.
令人绝望的 desperate adj. 缺乏自信的 diffident adj. 行为古怪的人 eccentric adj. 情绪 emotion n. 热情 enthusiasm n. 忠实的 faithful adj. 鼓励 foster vt.
友好的 friendly adj. 失败的 frustrated 隔阂 gap n.
和谐的 harmonious adj. 怀有希望的 hopeful adj. 忽视 ignore vt. 虐待 ill-treat vt. 自卑的 inferior adj. 内向的 introverted adj. 误会 misunderstanding n. 乐观者 optimist n. 悲观的 pessimistic adj. 反叛的 rebellious adj. 浪漫的 romantic adj. 诚挚 sincerity n. 紧张的 strained adj. 充耳不闻 turn a deaf ear 不爱交际的 unsociable adj. 热心的 warm-hearted adj. 忧虑 worry n.
七、权利原则词汇 指责 accuse vt. 禁止 ban vt./n.
公然侵犯 brazen encroachment 公正的 candid adj.
集体主义 collectivism n. 秘密的 confidential adj.
消费者协会 consumer’s association 版权 copyright n.
视为??权利 demand as one’s due 确立 establishment n. 被迫 force vt.
合理的 legality adj. 限制 limit n./vt. 压力 pressure n. 隐私 privacy n.
正直的 righteous adj.
性别歧视 sexual discriminations 社会保障制度 social security 强制的 compulsory adj. 八、时间原则词汇
浪费时间 a great waste of time 效率 efficiency n. 沉湎于 indulge in
沉迷于 be obsessed with 消磨时光 pass time 自控 self-control n. 自律 self-discipline 挤时间 squeeze time 占用 take up
上瘾 be addicted to 九、环保原则词汇
大气污染 atmospheric pollution 被耗尽 be exhausted 美化 beautification n. 污秽的 begrimed adj.
化学物质 chemical substances 条件 condition n. 保护 conserve vt.
沙漠化 desertification n.
使恶化 deteriorate vt. 灭绝 die out
一次性产品 disposable products 持久的,耐用的 durable adj. 生态平衡 ecological balance 生态系统 ecological system 排放 emit vt.
濒临灭绝的物种endangered species 能源短缺 energy shortage 环保的 environmentalist n. 使加剧 exacerbate vt. 风景 landscape n.
城市垃圾 municipal refuse 城市污水 municipal sewage 噪声污染 noise pollution
尽可能改善工作环境 optimize the environment 农药 pesticide 有毒的 poisonous 污染物 pollutant n. 毁灭 ruin v.
水土流失 soil erosion 土壤污染 soil pollution 废气 waste gas 废水 waste water
水体污染 water body pollution 使变得更坏 worsen v.
表格图table ；图表chart；diagram graph column 描述：show; describe; illustrate; reveal; represent
数字figure; 数据 statistic; 百分比 percentage; 比例 proportion
一般have 10%; at 20%; over 40% 在面积上in area 最高peaks; reached a peak/high point 最低 bottomed out; reached the bottom
变化 increase; jump; rise; climb; decrease; fall; drop; decline;
reduce; fluctuate; remain; steady; stable; stay; same 程度 sudden/suddenly; rapid/rapidly; dramatic/dramatically;
significant/significantly; sharp/sharply; steep/steeply; gradual/gradually; slow/slowly; slight/slightly; stable/stably;
almost; nearly; approximately; exactly; precisely；increase by
/decrease by (写出变化幅度)
合计200美元 add up to $200 总数达：add up to 占世界总人数的20% make up 20% of 从??增加到 rose/grew/climbed from?to 增加到 grew up to 增至最高峰：Rise to a high of 减少到 decrease to 跌至最低谷：drop to a low of
大幅度增长 increase sharply 飞速：rapidly；sharply；steeply
高居榜首 Top the list/head the chart
饼状图/圆形图（pie chart） 稳固下降steady decline 由?组成：consist of/be made up of /be composed of 占44%比例：account for /make up 44 percent 位居第一：rank the first 仅次于is second to
居第二位：in second spot 倒数第一is the last one 第二大部份rank the second/the second largest section 与..相比：compared with
A与B成比例A be in proportion to B
差不多：About/around/roughly 多达 as many as 正好：Exactly/precisely 水平：level off
递增：on the rise/increase/grow/rise/climb/go up 急剧上升: grow sharply;
递减：on the decline/decrease/fall/reduce/go down 曲线图（graph/chart/diagram）柱状图（bar chart） 增加：increase/grow/rise/climb/go up
剧烈/显著/大幅度：sharply/dramatically/significantly / rapidly
/considerably / enormously/ profoundly/substantially 平稳/逐渐：steadily / gradually / slightly
持续上升/下降：on an increase / on the decline
保持不变：remain stable / remain steady / remain unchanged
上升后变得平稳：reach a plateau
达到顶点/低谷：reach the top/peak / fall to the bottom
波动： fluctuate /rise and fall
达到了：reach / approach / add up to / amount to / increase to /
某年发生的变化:1998 saw/ witnessed a sharp increase in?.
是19xx年的2倍：was twice as many as that in 1998
从图表上看：From these graphs
得到结论：draw a conclusion
1. 产品科技含量 technological element of product
2. 大学生创业 university students’ innovative
3. 双赢局面 win-win situation 4. 首创精神 pioneering spirit
5. 振兴中华 make China powerful and strong; 6. 富裕 affluence 7. 繁荣 boom
8. 购买力 buying power 9. 竞争 competition
10. 生活费用 cost of living 11. 解决问题 crack the nuts
12. 大家公认 it is universally acknowledged that 13. 全力以赴 bring one’s talent into full play
14. 适应新的形势变化 adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to
15. 获得成功 achieve/accomplish success
16. 提出观点 advance/put forward/come up with arguments/ideas
17. 较好地驾驭生活 be a better pilot of one’s life 18. 对??很好的了解 have a better understanding of 19. 把某种因素考虑进去 take sth. into account/consideration; 20. give much thought to
21. 品味人生/自由/青春savor the life/freedom/youth 22. 交流经验 share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge
23. 发挥，起到积极作用play an important/active/great role/part
24. 面临困难危险be confronted with danger/difficulty; in the face of
25. 阻碍了成功stand in the way of success; be an obstacle/barrier to
26. 缩小差别 narrow/fill the gap/gulf (between city and country)
27. 把成功/错误归因于 attribute/owe one’s success/failure to
28. 对??重要 be vital/important/indispensable to 29. 施加压力 exert/put pressure on
30. 重视 attach/assign much importance/significance to 31. 把注意力集中在 focus/concentrate one’s attention/efforts upon
32. 抓住机会 grab/seize/take the opportunity
33. 有可能 there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that
34. 献身于devote/dedicate/commit oneself to a cause/career
35. 真正重要的是 what really matters/counts is 36. 影响思想，态度 shape one’s thinking/attitude
37. 实现自己的理想，愿望 realize/fulfill/achieve one’s dream/hope;
38. 减轻压力，紧张 reduce/alleviate the stress/pressure 39. 提高社会地位 upgrade social status; enhance social position
40. 加快，促进发展 accelerate/advance/enhance the development
41. 随着生活节奏的加快with the quickening pace of modern life
42. 充满激情have a burning desire for 43. 充满渴望have a great passion for
44. 沮丧的gloomy; 客观的 objective; 主观的 subjective
45. 乐观的 optimistic ;悲观的 pessimistic; 46. 怨恨的 resentful ;可敬的 respectable 47. 深远的影响 far-reaching consequences 48. 以其最强有力的形式 in its strongest form 49. 挣钱养活自己 earn one’s living 50. 赡养父母 support one’s parents 51. 普遍现象 common phenomenon 52. 现代社会 modern society
53. 相互对立 in opposition to each other 54. 不管 no matter how
55. 如何对待财富与幸福 how to approach wealth and happiness?
56. 一个更美好更光明的未来 a much better and brighter future
57. 从失败中吸取教训 draw useful lessons from 58. 丧失信心并退却了 lose heart and give in
59. 人民对待??的看法截然不同 people are quite different
from each other in their opinions on…
60. 无可否认 there is no denying the fact that
61. 赏识他的非凡的能力 appreciate his exceptional ability
62. 人才招聘会 job-hunting
63. 大势所趋 the wave of the future 64. 一时冲动 an impulse activity 65. 体力劳动 physical labor 66. 灵活的 flexible
67. 充分发挥??的积极性 bring one’s initiative into full play
三、关于教育的词汇（非常重要）★★★★ 1. 入学 enter； entrance
2. 登记；注册 become a member of； to enroll； enrollment；
3. 录取 admission； be admitted to； accept 4. 获取进一步教育 obtain further education 5. 要求；录取条件 requirements 6. 录取标准 admission standards
7. 学习成绩 academic record； academic achievements 8. 索要申请材料 request for application material 9. 教育目标 educational goals 10. 文凭 diploma 11. 学位 degree
12. 教育体制 educational system 13. 学前教育 pre-school education
14. 小学 primary schools；elementary schools 15. 中学 middle schools； high schools
16. 初中 junior middle school； junior high school 17. 高中 senior middle school； senior high school
18. 职业学校；技术学校 vocational schools； technical schools
19. 大学；学院 colleges； universities； institutes 20. 同样地；类似地 likewise； similarly； in the same way
21. 与??相似；与??一致；和??等同 be the same as；
correspond to； agree with； resemble； be equivalent to 22. 相反；与??不同；相比而言；另一方面；不过 in contrast；
by contrast with/to； on the other hand； on the contrary； by
23. 与??不同 different from
24. 不同之处；差别；差异；区别distinction； dissimilarity；
25. 尖端科学advanced science 26. 一流的设施 first-rate facilities
27. 扩大知识面 broaden one’s scope of knowledge 28. 人生观 outlook on life
29. 体验新文化 experience a new culture 30. 优缺点 strengths and weakness
31. 高素质、有经验的老师 highly qualified, well experienced teaching staffs
32. 多文化 multicultural
33. 脱颖而出 stand out from the crowd 34. 核心能力 core competencies 35. 独立思考 think independently
36. 挑战 challenge
37. 机遇 opportunities 38. 开阔视野 expand your horizons
39. 与人交往 integrate with other people
40. 人际交往能力 interpersonal skill
41. 建设性 constructive
42. 前景 prospects
43. 国际声誉 world class reputation
44. 发挥学习潜能 reach his or her full learning potential 45. 素质教育 education for all-round development 46. 知识产权 intellectual property rights 47.失学儿童 dropout student 48. 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy 49. 人才外流 brain drain
50. 复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent
51. 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people 52. 精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress
53. 科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation
54. 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude 55. 义务教育 compulsory education
56. 知识经济 knowledge-based economy 57. 丰富生活 enrich our life
58. 扩大视野 broaden my horizon
59. 接触各种思想 be exposed to new ideas/experience 60. 产生影响 have/exert a profound influence on life/personality;
61. have a dramatic/undesirable effect on
62. 开阔眼界broaden one’s outlook; expand one’s mental horizons
63. 充分发挥能力give full play to one’s ability 64. 论题，主题：themes
65. 大学毕业生 university graduates 66. 儿童教育 child education 67. 热门话题 hot topic
68. 教育专家 educational expert
69. 保护知识产权 protect intellectual property
70. 成人教育和职业教育 adult education and vocational education
71. 文化素质 cultural qualities 72. 推动 give a push to
73. 促进进步 promote progress 74. 概念 concept
75. 改进教和学 improve teaching and learning 76. 按分数 according to the grades 77. 培养 train, cultivate 78. 地区性的 regional
79. 读写困难 difficulties for employment 80. 就业机会 opportunities for employment 81. 受过良好教育 well-educated 82. 遗憾的是 it is a pity that
83. 造成了困难 cause some difficulties 84. 希望工程 Hope Project
85. 青年志愿者 Young Volunteers 86. 有用的知识 useful knowledge 87. 创新 innovation
88. 分析的技巧 analytical skill
四、关于住房、生活条件等的词汇★★ 1. 生活条件 living conditions 2. 归因于 be attributed to
3. 提高??的能力 enhance the ability to 4. 生活水平 living standard
5. 刺激人们对??的渴望 stimulate people’s desire for 6. 制定政策 formulate policies 7. 向??提供贷款 grant loans to
8. 为?拨出大量资金 allocate huge funds for 9. 象征 serve as a symbol of 10. 改进生活better one’s life
11.随着物价和房租迅速上升 with the prices and house rents
12. 高层建筑 high buildings
13. 涌入城市 rush into the city
14. 前景不容乐观 the condition is still far from being satisfactory
15. 当务之急是 it is urgent for us to ?
16. 开拓地下空间 open up underground housing area 17. 住房问题 housing problem 18. 公寓 flat
19. 买房 buy accommodation 20. 首付 down payment 21. 院子 yard
22. 选择合适的房址 choose a proper location 23. 当地居民 local residents 24. 当地政府 local authorities 25. 计划生育 birth control
26. 脱贫致富 shake off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity 27. 突围困难 make breakthrough out of difficulty 28. 许多问题 a host of/a multitude of problems
29. 引起人们的注意 attract general/public attention to sth.
30. 意识到 there is a growing awareness that;
31. 随着物价和房租迅速上升 with the prices and house rents increasing rapidly
32. 人均收入迅速提高 average personal income increase rapidly
33. 人口的出生率已经大大下降 there has been a great decline in birth rates
34. 人民生活改善 the improvement in people’s living conditions
35. 改革开放政策 the reform and opening-up policy 36. 国民经济正在迅速发展 there has been a rapid expansion of national economy
37. 出生率已得到控制 the birth rate has been put on the control
38. 对??的生存造成显著的威胁 cause the most significant
threat to the survival of …
39. 日益增长的需求 ever-increasing demand
40. 满足人民日益增长的需求 meet the growing needs of people
41. 死亡率/出生率 death rates; birth rates
42. 医疗保健的改革 the improvement in medical care 43. 假冒伪劣商品 fake and inferior products 44. 多余的 redundant
45. 难以抗拒的 irresistibly 46. 房地产 real estates 47. 刺激 spur
48. 动摇信心 shatter confidence 49. 大城市 metropolis
50. 空调 air-conditioning; air-conditioner;(空调机) 51. 远远超过 far surpass 52. 左右为难 dilemma 53. 代价太高 high cost
54. 与日俱增 increase every day 55. 生活质量 the quality of life 56. 偏远地区 remote areas
57. 高层建筑 high-rising building 58. 住房建设 housing construction 59. 从长远的观点看 in the long run 60. 境况 circumstance
61. 必然结论 inevitable conclusion 62. 广大农村 vast rural areas 63. 推广 spread
64. 把??应用于生产 apply?to production
65. 温饱问题 the people’s basic need for food and clothing
66. 消费者协会 consumer association
67. 小康生活 living a relatively comfortable life 68. 不容忽视 cannot be ignored
69. 生活环境变得卫生 living environment become sanitary
五、关于互联网的词汇★★★ 1. 互联网 the Internet
2. 对?着迷，为?所困扰 be obsessed with 3. 网恋 cyber romance
4. 对??表现出极大的兴趣 to display much interest in 5. 引起人们的兴趣和注意 to arouse people’s interest and concern
6. 找出??的原因 to trace the reason for...
7. 由于thanks to (好的方面) due to（不好的方面） 8. 高度的压力 high pressure 9. 被剥夺 to be deprived of 10. 在现实生活中 in real life
11. 爱上某人 to fall in love with sb. 12. 虚幻的世界 unreal world 13. 尝试新事物 to try new things 14. 说谎 to tell lies
15. 形成正确态度 develop a correct attitude 16. 正确利用 to make proper use of 17. 成为??的牺牲品 to fall victim to 18. 网上经营 web business 19. 网上文化 online culture 20. 大众传播媒介 mass media 21. 网上购物 on-line shopping 22. 发电子邮件 forward an e-mail 23. 网络经济 Cyber Economy 24. 网上冲浪 surf the net
25. 技术进步 technological advancement 26. 跟得上变化 keep up with the change 27. 计算机的发明 invention of computers 28. 信息安全 information security
29. 盲目追逐时尚 follow some fashion blindly
30. 形成不良活习气 be tempted into an unhealthy lifestyle
31. 信息网络 information network
32. 影响人们行为举止 influence the way that people behave
33. 视觉娱乐节目 visual entertainment 34. 易受影响的 susceptible
35. 科技的发展 advance in science and technology 六、关于青少年犯罪和生活的词汇 1. 青少年犯罪率 adolescent crime rate 2. 持续上升 keep on a rise 3. 违反法律 break the law 4. 应该是 re supposed to be
5. 引起警惕和关注 cause alarm and attention 6. 放火, 纵火 arson
7. 在大街上抢劫同龄人 rob their peers on the street 8. 社会和经济背景 social and economic backgrounds 9. 青少年罪犯 young offenders
10. 青少年犯罪率的升降 the rise and fall of adolescent crime rate
11. 保持在最低点remain at a minimum 12. 预测后果predict the consequences
13. 尽可能接受更多的教育receive as much education as possible
14. 使他们免受暴力的影响protect them from the influence of violence
15. 将不良影响减小到最低点reduce the bad influence to a
16. 避免不良后果avoid harsh consequences 17. 青少年犯罪 juvenile delinquency 18. 拜金主义 money worship 19. 虐待儿童 child abuse
20. 人们认为 it is generally /widely believed/held/agreed that
21. 剥夺机会 deprive oneself of the chance/right
22. 电视暴力对青少年行为有很大的影响力 violence on TV has
a great influence on young adults’ behavior
23. 为了维护社会治安 in order to keep law and order 24. 应该接受法律教育 should be supposed to get a law education
25. 越来越多的人increasing number of people 26. 流行的，时尚的 faddy 27. 提供营养 nourish 28. 饥饿 starvation
29. 营养不良 malnutrition
七、关于自然生态环境保护的词汇(99、00真题) 1. 保护环境 to protect the environment 2. 生态系统 ecology; ecological system
3. 丰富的自然资源 abundant natural resources 4. 可再生资源 renewable resources
5. 石油petroleum;太阳能 solar energy; 电力electric power;
水电hydropower; 风能wind energy; 核能nuclear energy；
6. 野生动物wild life; wild animals 7. 濒临灭绝的物种endangered species
8. 用尽 to deplete; depletion of; exhaust; use up 9. 滥用地球资源abuse the earth’s resources 10. 砍伐森林deforestation 11. 沙漠化desertification
12. 危害现存物种endanger existing species 13. 全球变暖global warming 14. 温室效应 greenhouse effect
15. 破坏臭氧层 to destroy the ozone layer 16. 继续发展to continue to develop;
17. 保护to save; to preserve; preservation
18. 为了子孙后代for the future generations; for our descendants
19. 为进一步发展for further development 20. 重复利用；再生to recycle; recycling 21. 垃圾garbage ；废物waste 22. 工业废料industrial waste 23. 废液liquid waste；废水water waste；废气exhaust gas 24. 可持续发展sustainable development； 25. 解决问题 solve problem 26. 能源危机 energy crisis
27. 环境恶化 the deterioration of environment 28. 携手 make joint efforts 29. 可居住 habitable
30. 生态环境破坏 destruction of ecological balance 31. 大量砍伐树木cut down large numbers of trees 32. 化工厂 chemical plant 33. 污染 contaminate n.
34. 排出一大堆废水 drain a large amount of waste water 35. 发出强烈的味道 give off a strong smell 36. 公共危害 public hazard
37. 采取强烈措施 adopt several strong measures
38. 一系列的环境保护条例必须制定a series of environment
protection rules and regulations need to be laid down 39. 尽快 as soon as possible
40. 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment 41. 控制我们的环境 take control over our environment 42. 因??而遭受痛苦 be plagued with
43. 产生灾难性的影响 exert a disastrous effect on 44. 全球气候 global climate
45. 山洪爆发 mountain torrents break out 46. 淹没农田 flood farmland 47. 席卷 sweep
48. 混浊不清 unclear and impure 49. 深受其害 suffer a great deal from
50. 造成巨大损失/灾难 bring about a lot of losses / disasters
51. 向政府呼吁 appeal to the government 52. 建立一笔基金 set up a foundation 53. 保护森林资源 protect forest resources 54. 依法严惩 punish severely by the law 55. 鼓励市民 encourage city-residents
56. 极其严重的问题 extremely serious problem 57. 空气污染 air pollution
58. 采取有力措施 take strong measure to deal with 59. 众所周知 as is known to all 60. 缺乏淡水 lack of fresh water 61. 工业公司 industrial company
62. 做出了重要贡献 have made great contribution to 63. 工业的发展 the development of industry
64. 造成了许多公害 pose a host of public hazards 65. 导致了严重的后果 lead to grave consequences 66. 小沙丘 sand hills
67. 标题上写着 the caption reads
68. 水土保持 water and soil conservation 69. 赶走 drive sb. away 70. 与战斗 fight against
71. 任由态势发展 let this situation go as it is 72. 遭受破坏 suffer a great destruction 73. 温室效应 greenhouse effect 74. 不断发展 ever-accelerated 75. 天气预报 weather forecast 76. 太阳能 solar energy 77. 承担 take over 78. 功能 function
79. 追求眼前利益 pursue one’s short-term interest 80. 山区 mountain areas
81. 生态恶化 deterioration of the ecology 82. 酸雨 acid rain
83. 提高人们环境意识 raise people’s awareness of the environment
84. 保护生态环境 environmental protection
85. 用尽珍贵的资源 use up valuable energy resources 86. 保存资源 conserve resources 八、关于吸烟的词汇（样题） 1. 惊人的增长an alarming increase 2. 工业国家industrial countries 3. 发展中国家developing countries 4. 肺癌lung cancer
5. 慢性支气管炎和肺气肿chronic bronchitis and emphysema
6. 死于，因??而死亡die of
7. 抽烟引起的疾病smoking-related diseases 8. 戒烟give up smoking 9. 为了??for the sake of
10. 想尽一切办法try every means 11. 提高生产promote the production 12. 急剧增长sharp increase 13. 将??视为portray...as
14. a symbol of fashion 时尚的象征
15. 养成这种习惯pick up the habit 16. 严重后果the serious consequences 17. 产生某种结果result in 18. 心脏病heart attack
19. 对??有害do harm to 害大于利：do more harm than good
20. 限制??put restrictions on... 21. 个人的事private business 22. 死于肺癌 die of lung cancer
23. 危害人民健康 endanger people’s health 24. 带来许多问题 brings about a lot of problems 25. ??和??的关系 the relationship between
26. 烟草生产和消费 cigarette production and consumption
27. 大大超过 substantially exceeds 28. 心脏病 heart disease 九、关于电视、广告和媒体
1、 生产厂商和消费者 manufacture and customer 2、 信息交流 information exchange
3、 帮助人们跟上最新发展 help people to keep abreast with
the latest development
4、 推广产品 promote and popularize new product 5、 商业竞争 commercial competition
6、 介绍科学技术新发展 introduce new development of science and technology
7、 视觉享受 visual enjoyment
8、 抢得市场先机 compete for the share of market 9、 广告宣传单 leaflet and handout
10、 鼓吹不正确的消费观念 advocate incorrect ways of consumption
11、 不如实说明 misrepresent 12、 虚假的 fictitious 13、 欺骗性 deceptive 14、 夸大的 exaggerating 15、 误导人 misleading
16、 导致 lead to ;give rise to
17、盗版VCD pirated VCD 十、关于运动身体健康 1、 身体上的 physically
2、 心理上的 psychologically 3、 首要目标 primary goal
4、 渴望竞争 eager for competition
5、 培养责任感 develop a strong sense of 6、 职业运动员 professional athlete 7、 个人的表现 individual performance 8、 提高技能 improve skill
9、 参与运动 be involve with sports 10、 接触性运动 contact sports
11、 投身于 thrust into a highly competitive game 12、 过分注重于 get so caught up in
13、 愉快的经历 a pleasurable experience 14、 放松 relax
15、 娱乐 amusements
16、 性格培养 character-training 17、 势均力敌的比赛 a close game 18、 传达 pass on to
19、有潜能 have potential 20、体形，身材 figure
21、大众健康 general health
22、申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games 十一、关于人口、老龄化等（05年真题） 1. 人口老龄化 aging of population 2. 赡养 support
3. 稳固的经济基础 solid economic foundation 4. 家庭照料 family care
5. 社区服务 community services 6. 人口过剩 overpopulation
7. 不发达国家 undeveloped countries 8. 失业 unemployment
9. 工业国家 industrialized countries 10. 公益服务 public services 11. 拥挤 overcrowding
12. 人口爆炸 population explosion 13. 养育、抚养 foster
14. 社区服务 community service
15. 社会福利事业 social welfare system 16. 逐步建立 gradually establish
17. 采取不同的态度 take different attitudes 十二、关于民工以及贫困 1、 农民工 migrant worker 2、 冲进城市 rush into the city
3、 经济发展 economic development 4、 低工资 underpaid 5、 宏伟的建筑 edifice
6、 城市居民 city residents / urban dweller 7、 不可或缺 indispensable 8、 交通拥挤 traffic congestion 9、 卫生问题 sanitation problem 10、 构成威胁 pose a threat to 11、 赚钱 make some money 十三、关于饮食 1. 快餐 fast food
2. 麦当劳 McDonald’s 3. 汉堡包 hamburgers 4. 炸鸡 fried chicken 5. 饭店 restaurants
6. 享受午餐 enjoy lunch
7. 对?是件好事 is a blessing for sb 8. 营养价值 nutritional value 9. 传统饮食 traditional cuisines
10. 采取折中的态度 take a balanced position 11. 胃口 appetite 十四、关于旅游
1、第三产业 the third industry 2、优先 priority 3、支柱 pillar
4、当地经济发展的支柱 a pillar of local economic development
6、迅猛发展的旅游业 booming tourist industry 7、告别了贫困 say good-bye to poverty
8、发扬民族文化 carry forward national culture
9、实现可持续发展 achieve the sustainable development 10、保护自然环境 conservation of the natural environment
11、提高生活质量 enhance the quality of life 12、 文化遗产 cultural heritage
13、 迷人的景色 fascinating scenery 14、 旅游景点 tourist attractions
15、 大量的历史遗迹 a wealth of history relics 16、 跨文化交际 cross-cultural contacts 17、 增进友谊 promote friendship
18、 当地文化的保护 the preservation of local culture 19、 负面影响 negative effect
20、 造成严重污染 cause serious environmental pollution
21、 和平繁荣的环境 a climate of peace and prosperity 22、 破坏生态平衡 break the ecological balance
23、 展示灿烂的历史文化 showcase the brilliant history and culture
24、 增加吸引力 enhance its appeal 25、 度假胜地 vacation spots
26、 旅游黄金周 the golden week for tourism 27、 旅游旺季 the peak of the tourist season 28、 游览观光 spend one’s time in sightseeing 29、 自助游 an independent travel 30、 随团旅游 a group travel 十五、贸易和经济
1、 挣外汇 earnings in foreign exchange 2、 出口额 export value
3、 文化需求 the cultural needs 4、 拉动内需 promote domestic demand 5、 社区经济 community economic 6、 基础设施 infrastructure
7、 促进商业的发展 promote the commerce
8、 加快城市建设 accelerate the city construction and its embellishment
9、 廉价市场 a bargain market
10、 消费者协会 a Consumer’s Association 11、 物质生活 material life
12、 泡沫经济 a bubble economy
13、 涉外经济 a foreign-related business 14、 财政收入 revenue
15、 增加消费 increase consumption 16、 财务支出 expenditure
17、 开放搞活经济 open up and enliven the economy 18、 售后服务 afer-sale service 19、 经济前景 economic prospect
20、 无限制的扩张 unrestrained expansion 21、 经济特区 special economic zone 22、 购买力 purchasing power 23、 扩大合作 extend cooperation 24、 经济繁荣 economic prosperity 25. 腐败和受贿 corruption and bribery
26. 打假 crake down on counterfeit goods/fake products 27. 经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration
28. 商品价格 commodity prices
29. 扩大消费市场 tap the consumer market 30. 全球化过程 globalization process 31. 充分就业 full employment 32. 全球经济 global economy
33. 机械与电子产品 machinery and electronic goods 34. 假冒伪劣商品fake and inferior commodities 35. 现代技术 modern technology 36. 购物中心 shopping centers
37. 对外开放 open the door to the outside world 38. 取得显著成绩 make remarkable results 39. 合资企业 joint ventures
40. 外商投资企业 foreign-invested venture 41. 外资 foreign capital
42. 高科技产业 high-tech enterprise
43. 随着改革开放的贯彻执行 with the reform and opening
up policy being implemented
44. 现代化家用电器 up-to-date household appliances 45. 惩治腐败 combat corruption 46. 第三产业 tertiary industry
47. 后起之秀 promising young people
48. 基础设施，基础工业和支柱产业 infrastructure, basic
industries and pillar industries
49. 假冒伪劣 fake and poor quality commodities
50. 经济技术开发区 economic and technological development zone
51. 经济特区 special economic zone 52. 落后 backward 53. 恢复 restore 54. 急需 need badly
55. 投资环境 environment for investment 56. 集中力量 concentrate on 57. 鼓励 encourage
58. 进口或出口import ,export 59. 活跃市场 enliven the market
60. 人力资源 manpower, human resources 61. 资金不足 short of funds 62. 围绕 focus on
63. 经济效率 economic efficiency
64. 降低生产成本 lower production cost 65. 生产力 productive forces
66. 劳动生产率 labor productivity 67. 巨大发展 have made a big advance
68. 贸易往来 trade contracts, commercial intercourse 69. 投资环境 investment environment
70. 职业道德 occupational ethics; professional ethics 71. 和别人合作 cooperate with others 72. 实际经验 practical experience 十六、关于交通★★★
1. 交通问题：transportation problems 2. 交通繁忙时段：rush hour 3. 交通阻塞 traffic jams 4. 空气污染 air pollution 5. 乘客 passenger
6. 交通工具 means of transportation 7. 能源危机 energy crisis 8. 不便 inconvenience
9. 噪声污染 noise pollution 10. 行人 pedestrians
11. 交通事故 traffic accident 12. 受伤 injuries
13. 筋疲力尽 exhausted
14. 自然资源 natural resources 15. 建设 construction 16. 停车场 parking lots
17. 铺设道路 laid down roads
18. 缓解交通阻塞压力 relieve the traffic congestion 19. 路况 road condition
20. 交通法规 traffic laws and regulations 21. 公共交通工具 public transportation 22. 提高公众意识 raise the public awareness
23. 地铁underground / 地下隧道tunnels/ 地下道 underpass
24. 方便和舒适 convenient and comfortable 25. 公共交通 public transport
26. 随着路况的发展 with the improvement in road conditions
27. 十分重视 attach importance to 28. 大力发展 strive to develop 31. 交通事故 traffic accidents
1. 巨大的胜利 huge victory
2. 充满信心 full of confidence in 3. 各阶层人民 all walks of life 4. 团结一致 be united as one
5. 互相冲突 in conflict with each other
6. 极其复杂的工作 extremely complicated work 7. 权衡利弊 weigh up the pros and cons
8. 从正反两方面来辩论 debate the matter pro and con 9. 流行，普遍存在 prevalence 10. 暴利的，利润丰厚的 lucrative 11. 没收 confiscate
12. 前景光明的 promising
13. 消耗精力的 energy-consuming 14. 威胁 intimidate
15. 抓住机遇 seize the opportunity 16. 鉴定 identify
17. 劳动强度 labor intensity 18. 就业培训 vocational training
19. 跟上时代的步伐 keep pace with the times
20. 获取知识的重要渠道 an important channel to acquire knowledge
21. 造成损失cause a loss to 22. 被列为 be listed as
23. 承担风险 bear the risk of 24. 估算 estimate
25. 指示,说明 instruction, direction 26. 原料 raw materials 27. 大型，中型，小型 large-size, medium-size, small-size 28. 合理的发展 rationally developed 29. 长处，短处 strong point, week point 30. 各级政府government of all levels
31. 各行各业的人们 people from all trades and professions
32. 祖先 ancestors
33. 连续十年 for ten years running 34. 衡量 measure, evaluate
35. 财政资助 financial support 36. 主张 hold, state
37. 牟取任何暴利 seek excessive profits 38. 普遍规律 general law 39. 巩固 back up, consolidate
40. 苦难经历 hard experience, sufferings 41. 改造 transformation
42. 认真执行 faithfully implement 43. 自力更生 self-reliance 44. 对??有利 beneficial to 45. 加强 strengthen
46. 实行 implement, carry out 47. 自信心 confidence 48. 战略目标strategic goal 49. 吃饭穿衣 food and clothing 50. 得传染病 contract infections 51. 达到目标 attain our goals
52. 良好的沟通技巧 good communication skill
53. 可以毫不夸张的说 it would be no exaggeration to say that
54. 危害harm----endanger/damage/threaten 55. 获得get -----obtain/acquire/derive from 56. 解决solve----settle/resolve/tackle
57. 问题/危机/灾难problem---difficulty/crisis/disaster 58. 著名的famous ----distinguished/prestigious 59. 充足的enough----sufficient/adequate/abundant 出色的good/great-----remarkable/marvelous/impressive 61. 严重的bad -----serious/severe/grave
62. 快乐的happy-----delighted/in good mood/in high spirits
63. 很多的many----innumerable/countless/a large number of
64. 表明，揭示：Show ----indicate reveal reflect, demonstrate,
imply, suggest, illustrate
本末倒置Put the cart before the horse 变化带来生机 Change brings life
冰冻三尺非一日之寒 Rome is not built in one day 不加区别，相同对待 Treat equally without discrimination 不言而喻 Speaks for itself
得不偿失 It is not worth the candle
颠倒黑白 Call black white and white black
恶习应除不应留 Bad customs are better broken than kept up
扬长避短 Exploit to the fully one’s favorable conditions and avoid
厚此薄彼 Say turkey to one and buzzard to another 患难见真情 A friend in need is a friend in deed 活着不是为了吃饭，吃饭是为了活着 Live not to eat, but eat to live
家有一老，如有一宝 An old man is treasure of a family 经验乃智慧之母 Experience is the mother of wisdom 懒惰是万恶之源 Idleness is the root of all evil.
利大于弊 The advantages far outweigh the disadvantage 良莠不齐 The good and the bad are intermingled
取其精华，去其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs
每个人都有短处 Every bean has its black
不应强求一律 All bread is not baked in one oven. 逆境锻炼人 Adversity is a great schoolmaster
千里之堤，溃于蚁穴 Slight negligence may lead to great disaster.
前车之鉴 It is wise to learn at another man’s cost. 任何事物都有利有弊 No garden without weeds. 深入人心 Be deeply rooted among the people.
事难两全其美You cannot have your cake and eat it. 一概而论 Lump together under one head.
饮水思源 Never cast dirt into that fountain of which thou hast
友谊第一，比赛第二 Friendship first, competition second.
知识就是力量 Knowledge is power.
自力更生 Regeneration through one’s own efforts. 整天工作不玩耍，孩子变成大傻瓜 All work and no play makes
Jack a dull boy.
自助者天助 God help those who help themselves. 第四节：常用句式
Nowadays, there is a growing concern over the issue of ……
People in growing numbers are directing their attention to ……
When it comes to ……, people’s notions may vary from one to another.
Recently, a heated discussion has sprung up as to …… 2）图画图表描述段
As is vividly shown in the picture,…… It is clearly depicted in the picture that……
This picture depicts a thought-provoking scene of …… The chart above provides a series of essential figures, illustrating the changes taking place in a time span of …years. 3) 观点对比段
Opposite voices are now rising in the debate. Some people firmly believe that……. On the contrary, quite a few
people argue that……
The controversial issue has aroused opposite opinions. One focuses on …….. ; the other opinion revolves around…… 4）利弊列举段
Every coin has two sides, and this issue is no exception. Above all, …In addition…More importantly… However, the negative influence it
renders should not be neglected. ..not only …but also Is this phenomenon a blessing or a curse.? The following list of advantages and disadvantages can explain everything. 5）举例说明段
The following illustrations can serve as strong evidence of the phenomenon. 6）原因列举段
Why should this phenomenon take place? There are generally three factors accounting for it.
Having taken everything into consideration, we may attribute the sharp change to three aspects. 7）意义阐释段
The purpose of the picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to….
Having scrutinized the details of the picture, we can discuss the implications subtly conveyed from it. 8）归纳结论段
Taking into account all the analyses above, we may confidently come to the conclusion that…… 9）预测趋势段
There is no denying that ……will continue increasing/decreasing in the better/worse direction.
Undoubtedly, the tendency reflected from the chart will undergo a continuous increase/decrease in the near future. 10）建议措施段
Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some drastic measures.
As far as I am concerned, two effective measures must be immediately taken to pull through the crisis. 二、精选句式
1、The picture is thought- provoking. What it illustrates is a common phenomenon in today's society
3、Examples to prove the view are abundant. The most persuasive are the cases
5、The set of drawings above vividly depicts??As is shown in the first cartoon 6、To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that??yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously.
7、Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implication from these thought-provoking drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten
8、What the picture conveys goes far beyond only a??Instead, it carries cultural meanings. The fact that 9、The picture below illustrates the real meaning of??by stressing the fact that 10、I can think of no better illustration of this idea than the following example：
11、I believe that the relationship between people will be harmonious and that our society will be a better place for us to live in?（总结）
12、The purpose of this picture is to show us that due (great enough) attention has to be paid to??
13、Why does this phenomenon appear? There are several possible reasons for this. Above all??In addition 三、常用于开头的句式
例句：Recently, the problem of unemployment has been brought to such popular attention that governments at all levels place it on
the agenda as the first matter.
例句：In the eyes of the public, official corruption means taking bribes. But such corruption comes in many different forms.
例句：Nowadays, a heated debate about whether one should step forward bravely in the event of crime is under way in China. Some
people believe that one should step forward bravely no matter how dangerous it is, whereas others argue that one should put his or
her own safety above anything else.
例句：When it comes to fake commodities, most people contend that people should battle against the falsehood of the fakes, but
other people consider that buying fake commodities means nothing but “unlucky” which is hard to avoid. 四、 常用于结尾的句式
例句：It is hoped that we should pay more attention to the problems of unemployment.
例句：As long as we persist in spreading scientific knowledge among the masses, all the superstitions are bound to go out of our life.
例句：It is high time that the issue were to be solved so as to promote the economic development. 例句：All the above evidence goes to show that the birth of computer has benefited our life greatly.
例句：My suggestion is that effective measures should be taken to check population growth; otherwise, the potential consequences are unimaginable.
例句：Therefore, we should not only realize that competition and cooperation, like two sides of the coin, have to go hand in hand, but
fix more attention on how to make full use of … as well. 五、 常用的过渡句式 例句：Although lots of people follow the fashion, I still set my heart on its negative effect on our society. 例句：It is no easy job to find every reason for the increase in the number of teenagers who run away from their homes, but, on the
whole, two factors shout louder than others. First of all, …. Second, …
例句：It is obvious that radio cannot compete with television in visuality, but it still possesses substantial advantages over television.
(One of these is…Another…Still another…)
例：At first glance, the western-type democracy seems superior to any other types. But on close examination, it does not entitle every
citizen of the same nation to the equal freedom to act. 六、常用于描述漫画的句式。
例句：The two pictures here illustrate how a flower in a greenhouse is destroyed when exposed to a storm.
例句：In the first picture, a lonely small boat, in spite of the good catch, does not disturb the fishes that are swimming leisurely. While in
the second one, the sea is over-crowded with fishing boats, and a lonely fish, desperately trying to escape, finds no place to hide. 例句：As can be seen from the picture, the car breaks stops on the way and cannot move any further.
例句：It is most likely that by drawing the pictures, the artist intends not only to tell us the story of fish but also to set us thinking more about nature.
例句：According to the figures shown in the table, we can see that great changes have been taking place in people’s diet over the
period from 1988 to 1998.
例句：After considering the information in the graph, we might conclude that the energy structure in rural areas has been greatly
improved over the past 15 years. 例句：By comparison with 1990, it dropped by 15 percent. 必背小作文[备忘]
You are the manager’s assistant, and your company is going to donate some medicine to the patients in poor areas. Please write a
memo to inform the faculty to have a meeting next week to discuss about the donation。 To: All the faculty(收笺人)
From: Li Ming, Manager’s Assistant(发笺人职能部门) Date: May 26,2005
Subject: Donation of Medicine to Patients in Poor Areas All staff is required to attend the meeting, which will be held next Monday in the meeting room.
The main purpose of the meeting is to discuss the medicine donation to the patients in poor areas, where the medical conditions
are extremely bad and the patients are in great need of our help. Before the meeting, a detailed donation plan is required for every department.
The meeting will begin at 2 o’clock in the afternoon and everyone should be present on time. Li Ming
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay， you should 1describe the drawing briefly，
2explain its intended meaning， and then 3give your comments.
You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. （20 points）
As we can see from the picture， a disabled young man is making efforts to climb a hill. By the sweats all over his face， we may deduce that he may have a hard time before. But with his austere perseverance， he is close to his destination：the top of the hill.
However， the meaning of the picture goes beyond mountain climbing. ①Rather， it proves that perseverance is a great element of success： those who persevere will win in the long run because their silent power grows irresistibly greater with time. According to recent studies， the quality many successful people share is persistence. They are willing to spend more time accomplishing a task and to persevere in the face of many difficult odds. ②Helen Keller is a proof that great things can happen to everyone， even though he or she may be handicapped， if he or she works hard and never gives up. ③Helen was born blind and deaf. However， throughout all her life， she never lost her heart. Instead， she kept on learning how to read and write and later became a very famous writer.
Whether you are strong or weak， you must keep
fighting to succeed. ④No matter who you are or what your position is， you must keep fighting for what you want to achieve. ⑤Permanence， perseverance and persistence in spite of all obstacles， discouragements， and impossibilities： it is this that in all things distinguishes the strong soul from the weak.
学习本文，应注意掌握“坚持”的相关单词的使用方法。在表示坚持做某事时，persist后加in doing sth.而persevere的形式为persevere to do sth. ②文中表示“残疾”的单词有disabled和handicapped。 disabled主要是指肢体上的残疾而丧失某种能力，handicapped则表示生理上的缺陷和智力上的不健全。在日常写作练习中应注意辨别其正确的用法。
③表示某人天生就??的短语：sb. be born+adj；
文中的用法为Helen was born blind and deaf.这个句子还可以说成Helen was a born blind and deaf person.此时born为形容词，应学会区分其不同点。
④No matter+who/ when/ where/ what/how的用法表示无论谁何时何处、什么、怎么等。例如：Dontrust him no matter what he says.无论他说什么，都别相信。
⑤文中最后一句是个强调句型Its?that?.句中的in all things还可以说成among other things，表示在所有的??当中。
①disable v.使无能；使残废 ②deduce v.推断
③austere a.严格的，严厉的 ④perseverance n.坚定，不屈不挠 ⑤destination n.目的地 ⑥persevere v. 忍耐，熬住 ⑦irresistibly ad.不可抗拒地 ⑧odds n.不和，相争
⑨handicap n.妨碍，使不利 11. permanence n.持久，永久 12. persistence n.坚持不懈 13. distinguish v.区分，辨别
①No matter who you are or what your position is， you must keep fighting for what you want to achieve. 不管你是谁，处境如何，你都必须为你的目标不懈地奋斗。
②Permanence， perseverance and persistence in spite of all obstacles， discouragements， and impossibilities： it is this that in all things distinguishes the strong soul from the weak. 尽管存在各种障碍、挫折与绝境，有时让人气馁，有时让人放弃，但是只有强者才能够持之以恒、坚持不懈、永不退却，这是弱者无法做到的。
写作提示语中有三个要求，因此写作应该围绕这三个要求展开。第一段，描绘漫画的内容。重点说明登山需要毅力和恒心。第二段，展开图画的寓意，不仅登山需要毅力，生活事业要获得成功，也需要毅力；接着文章以美国作家海伦为例说明毅力和成功的关系。最后一段，作者发表评论。作者首先通过模仿英语名言：Whether you are a lion or a goat， you must sprint to survive. （不管你是狮子还是山羊，你要生存就必须会快跑。）改写Whether you are strong or weak， you must keep fighting to succeed.（不管你是强壮还是软弱，你必须不断奋斗才能成功。）
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing.In your essay，you should 1describe the drawing briefly，
2explain its intended meaning，and then 3give your comments.
You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.（20 points）
As is shown in the picture，on a cold snowy day，a donation box from a charity is beginning to thaw the snow and ice around it.①It is not difficult to find the symbolic meaning of the picture：nowadays donation can play an
important role in disaster relief and in helping the poor and the disabled.
②The picture reminds us of the fact that in the recent earthquake in Sichuan，China，people at home and abroad donated a large sum of money to the quake victims. As we know，the strong quake flattened tens of thousands of houses and other buildings.③It is reported that a sizable majority of people in the devastated zones lost their homes and property. Many people were buried in the rubbles and lost their lives.④However，the donations help them pick up the pieces， and give them composure，confidence and courage to live on.
The value of life lies not only in devotion but also in donation. ⑤ So what counts most in life is what we do for others. ⑥Contributing money and other necessities to people who are in great need reflects individuals’ sense of social responsibility. It also generates a feeling that is beyond words and is difficult to obtain no matter how rich one is. Therefore，I strongly advocate that everybody offers a hand to others.⑦Only with our love and contribution，I am sure，would our society become more beautiful and more harmonious.
①it作形式主语，真正的主语是不定式短语to find?；冒号的使用，则引出具体的同位语成分，同位语中动句词helping?和名词短语disaster relief并列，共同作固定搭配play an impontant role in sth.中介词in的宾语；其中the poor和the disabled是构成表示一类人的特殊用法，即the+形容词，类似的有the old，the young。
②固定搭配remind sb. of sth.使某人想起类似或相关的事，可用于引出具体事例，其中that引导同位语说明fact，关于“大量、很多”的表达，文中用a large sum of，其他表达为a large/ great number of，尽量避免使用much，many等简单词汇。
③It is reported that?为固定句型，也可转化为短语表达according to reports，使句式更加灵活，a sizable majority替代了简单词汇most，综合体现了考生的语言功底。 ④习语表达pick up the pieces指在受挫后的恢复和改进，在文中就具体事例来说则指恢复自信，重新站起来，考生一般想到最直接的表达可能是stand up again，而句中习语的运用则给评阅老师留下一个很好的印象。
①donation n.捐赠、赠与 ②thaw v.融化
③disaster relief 赈灾 ④earthquake n.地震 ⑤devastated zone 灾区 ⑥rubble n.粗石；碎砖
⑦pick up the pieces （跌倒后）重新爬起来 ⑧composure n.镇静 ⑨confidence n.信心
①The picture reminds us of the fact that in the recent earthquake in Sichuan，China，people at home and abroad donated a large sum of money to the quake victims.这幅画让我们想起在中国四川最近发生的地震中，国内外人士捐献了巨资帮助灾区人民。
②The value of life lies not only in devotion but also in donation.生命的价值不仅在于奉献还在于捐献。