Summary Writing和背诵 (1)(19700字)




The American does not join in the argument but watches the other guests. As he looks, he sees a strange expression come over the face of the hostess. She is staring straight ahead, her muscles contracting slightly. She motions to the native boy standing behind her chair and whispers something to him. The boy’s eyes widen: he quickly leaves the room.


Of the guests, none except the American notices this or sees the boy place a bowl of milk on the veranda just outside the open doors.


The American comes to with a start. In India, milk in a bowl means only one thing — bait for a snake. He realizes there must be a cobra in the room.



Jefferson’s courage and idealism were based on knowledge. He probably knew more than any other man of his age. He was an expert in agriculture, archeology, and medicine. He practiced crop rotation and soil conservation a century before these became standard practice, and he invented a plow superior to any other in existence. He influenced architecture throughout America, and he was constantly producing devices for making the tasks of ordinary life easier to perform.


Of all Jefferson’s many talents, one is central. He was above all a good and tireless writer. His complete works, now being published for the first time, will fill more than fifty volumes. His talent as an author was soon discovered, and when the time came to write the Declaration of Independence at Philadelphia in 1776, the task of writing it was his. Millions have thrilled to his words: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal ...”



While I was waiting to enter university, I saw advertised in a local newspaper a teaching post at a school in a suburb of London about ten miles from where I lived. Being very short of money and wanting to do something useful, I applied, fearing as I did so, that without a degree and with no experience in teaching my chances of getting the job were slim.


However, three days later a letter arrived, asking me to go to Croydon for an interview. It proved an awkward journey: a train to Croydon station; a ten-minute bus ride and then a walk of at least a quarter of a mile. As a result I arrived on a hot June morning too depressed to feel nervous



As a boy and then as an adult, I never lost my wonder at the personality that was Einstein. He was the only person I knew who had come to terms with himself and the world around him. He knew what he wanted and he wanted only this: to understand within his limits as a human being the nature of the universe and the logic and simplicity in its functioning. He knew there were answers beyond his intellectual reach. But this did not frustrate him. He was content to go as far as he could.


In the 23 years of our friendship, I never saw him show jealousy, vanity, bitterness, anger, resentment, or personal ambition. He seemed immune to these emotions. He was beyond any pretension. Although he corresponded with many of the world’s most important people, his stationery carried only a watermark — W — for Woolworth’s.



Now, in the last month of my residency, sleeping was no longer a problem. There were still situations in which I couldn’t be certain my decision had been the right one, but I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be completely resolved — and I could live with it. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it. Reviewing it wasn’t going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any decision I’d made was bound to be a sound one. It was a nice feeling.



School children used to know the story of how Abraham Lincoln walked five miles to return a penny he’d overcharged a customer. It’s the kind of story we think of as myth. But in the case of Lincoln, the story is true ... unlike the story of George Washington and the cherry tree. Washington’s first biographer invented the tale of little George saying to his father, “I cannot tell a lie. I did it with my ax.” What is important in both stories, however, is that honesty was seen as an important part of the American character.



Well, then, suppose my auto repairman devised questions for an intelligence test. Or suppose a carpenter did, or a farmer, or, indeed, almost anyone but an academician. By every one of those tests, I’d prove myself a moron. And I’d be a moron, too. In a world where I could not use my academic training and my verbal talents but had to do something intricate or hard, working with my hands, I would do poorly. My intelligence, then, is not absolute. Its worth is determined by the society I live in. Its numerical evaluation is determined by a small subsection of that society which has managed to foist itself on the rest of us as an arbiter of such matters.




Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism, we are somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise.


Why — when one word can bring such pleasure? A friend of mine who travels widely always tries to learn a little of the language of any place she visits. She’s not much of a linguist, but she does know how to say one word — “beautiful” — in several languages. She can use it to a mother holding her baby, or to a lonely salesman fishing out pictures of his family. The ability has earned her friends all over the world.

只要一句话就能带来这样的欢乐,我们为什么却不愿意这样做呢?我有一个到处旅行的朋友总是努力学一点她要去访问的国家的语言。她并不是什么了不起的语言学家,但她的确知道怎样用几种语言说一个词——“美极了”。她可以对一个怀抱婴儿的母亲或者对一个从身上掏出全家照的寂寞的推销员用上这个词。这种能力为她在全世界赢得了了朋友。 Summary Writing


In the 23 years (我们的友谊) of our friendship, I never saw him show (嫉妒) jealousy, vanity, bitterness, anger, (怨恨) or (个人野心) resentment.(他好象对这些感情都具有免疫力似的)He seemed immune to these emotions. He was beyond any pretension.(虽然他与世界上的许多要人通信)Although he corresponded with many of the world's most important people, his stationery carried only a watermark -- W -- for Woolworth’s. Einstein was (地地道道)purely and exclusively a theorist. He didn’t have (毫无兴趣) the slightest interest in practical application of his ideas and theories. The puzzle that Einstein would never understand was his (名气) fame. He could never understand (为什么他被当作特殊人物挑选出来) why he was singled out as something special


Dr. Nolen believes that (自信是外科医生成功的关键) self-confidence is the key to the making of a surgeon . When you can say to yourself (我完全有能力治疗所有的外科病人) “There is no surgical patient I can’t treat competently ,” then,and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon. In the first few months of the year, he dreaded (听到急诊电话的铃声) the ringing of the emergency calls. He often wondered that he had made a poor decision. Now he is confident both in making decisions and in the operating room for he is sure that (以他的知识和经验,他可以应付遇到的所有的病例)he had the knowledge and experience to handle any surgical situation he’d encounter. Moreover, he is not afraid of making mistakes. He has learned to(承担判断上失误的全部责任) take sole responsibility for a mistake in judgment ,because mistakes are part of a surgeon’s life. He has got conceit to(帮他度过难熬的时刻) encourage him in trying moments


According to a recent poll, 61 percent of American high school students(承认在考试中至少作过一次弊)have admitted to cheating on exams at least once .Cheating is now considered(是大学里的大问题)to be a major problem in colleges and universities. So colleges and universities across the nation(已决定采取一些措施,而不是谈论而已)have decided to do more than talk about the rise in student cheating . Many students(欢迎这一活动)applauded the campaign . American people used to be happy and honest. Honesty was seen as(美国性格中重要的组成部分)an important part of the American character . American people nowadays need to(相互了解才能达到最诚实的境界)know one another to be at their honest best. Some efforts to prevent students from cheating(实际反而促使学生作弊)may actually encourage cheating. A person may feel(他们反正不信任我)they don’t trust me anyway . Distrust can be contagious. But,(信任也会有传染性)so can trust . When students gain confidence in themselves and their abilities, (他们就不大可能作弊了)they are less likely to cheat .


It was the end of my exhausting day as waitress in a busy New York restaurant. (由于疲劳和沮丧)Weary and discouraged, I was ready to quit. But when I was praised by a father of several children, (我的疲劳顿时消失了)suddenly my tiredness vanished. (表扬就像阳光) Praise is like sunlight to human spirit. Without it (我们就不能开花生长) we cannot flower and grow . And yet, most of us (动不动就对别人刮起批评的寒风) are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism . It’s strange (我们对表扬是何其的慎重)how chary we are about praising . Perhaps it’s because few of us know (大大方方地接受表扬) how to accept compliments gracefully. It’s especially rewarding (对通常不为人们注意或提及的努力) to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned. Those who do routine jobs (更懂得赞扬的意义)particularly appreciate praise. To give praise (只需给予者付出片刻的思索和片刻的努力加以赞扬)costs the giver nothing but a moment’s thought and a moment’s effort and yet consider the results it may

produce. So,(让我们随时注意周围各种小小的优点) let’s be alert to the small excellence around us and comment on them. We will (不仅给别人的生活带来欢乐) not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also very often, added happiness into our own.




Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word.

2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气感到有点意外。

The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American.

3. 约翰尼已长大成熟,不再害怕独自呆在家里了。

Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone.

4. 当全部乘客都向出口处 (exit) 走去时,他却独自留在座位上,好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。

While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane.

5. 这封信必须交给威尔逊博士本人。

The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself.

6. 南希虽然很想参加辩论,但腼腆得不敢开口。

While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth.

7. 你觉得什么时候最有可能在家里找到他?

What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?

8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下 (lay) 的陷阱 (trap) 方向跑去,脸上顿时闪出了兴奋的表情。

The hunter’s face lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of / make for the trap he had laid.


1) 会上有人建议任命一个十一人委员会来制定新章程。

It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution.

2) 这些青年科学家通过现场观察,获得了研究工作所需的第一手资料。

By making on-the-spot observations, the young scientists obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.

3) 他很可能会因视力不好而被拒收入伍。

It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.

4) 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址 (location) 这一问题上持有不同意见。

The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.

5) 亨利创作的艺术品在许多方面比他兄弟的要好。

Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's.

6) 我们产品质量的稳步提高在很大程度上是由于设备有所改进。

The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment.

7) 吉姆本想按照自己的判断行事,但他没有这样做,因为作为军人他得服从命令。

Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the order.

8) 如果让我来决定我们是要一个没有自行车的城市呢,还是要一个没有汽车的城市,我会毫不犹豫地选择后者。

Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a city without bikes or one without cars, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.


1. She got a post as a cashier at a local bank. But she was soon fired because she proved to be incompetent.


2. It is obviously/clearly his young assistant who is running the book store.


3. No sooner had the proposal been announced at the meeting than she got to her feet to protest. 这项建议在会上一宣布,她就站起来提出异议。

4. Bill has applied to Harvard University for a teaching assistantship, but his chances of getting it are slim.


5. Being short of funds, they are trying to attract foreign capital.


6. The room smells of stale air. It must have been vacant for a long time.


7. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common.


8. It is self-evident that the education of the young is vital to the future of a country.



1) 那小女孩跑得太快,身体一下失去平衡,跌倒了。

The little girl ran so fast that she was thrown off balance and fell over / down.

2) 他致力于研究工作的精神 (devotion to research) 给我留下了很深印象,但我对他那些深奥的理论丝毫不感兴趣。

I was impressed by his devotion to research but I did not have the slightest interest in his profound theories.

3) 千万别说可能会被人误解的话。

Be sure not to say anything capable of being misunderstood.

4) 我被他们互相矛盾的意见搞糊涂了,不知如何去做才是。

I was so bewildered by their conflicting advice that I did not know how to act/what to do.

5) 起初,这个复杂问题使他们感到灰心丧气,但经过仔细思考后他们终于研究出了解决办法。

At first this complicated problem frustrated them, but after thinking it over carefully they finally worked out a solution.

6) 体育代表团团长在少先队员向他献上一束鲜花时愉快地笑了。

The head of the sports delegation beamed with delight when a young pioneer presented him with a bunch of flowers.

7) 这学期我们都学习得不错,我真不明白为什么我们的英语老师单单表扬了班长一个人。

I really don't see why our English teacher should single out our monitor for praise since we have all done quite well this term.

8) 我相信比较高级的| (higher) |动物是由比较低级的|(lower)|动物进化而来|(develop from)|的这一学说。

I believe in the theory that the higher animals developed from the lower ones.


1) 只要你不断努力,你迟早会解决这个难题的。

If / As long as you keep (on) trying, you will be able to resolve this difficult problem sooner or later.

2) 我们预料我们的计划会受到抵制 (resistance)。

We anticipate encountering / that we will encounter resistance to our plan / our plan will meet with resistance.

3) 吉姆的朋友说,他们那个城市的噪音污染十分严重,但是他们只好忍着。

Jim's friends said that the noise pollution in their city was terrible, but they had to live with it.

4) 汤姆起初认为,凭他的知识、技术和经验,一定能够找到一份称心如意的工作。

At first Tom thought that with his knowledge, skill and experience he was bound to find a satisfactory job.

5) 冷静耐心地处理这个微妙 (delicate) 问题是明智的。

It would be wise / advisable to handle this delicate problem with calmness and patience.

6) 迪克以为,如果他拆不开那台机器,那么很可能厂里别的工人也拆不开。

Dick thought that if he wasn't able to take the machine apart, chances were that no other worker in the plant could, either.

7) 你是否认为公共汽车司机应对乘客的安全负完全的责任?

Do you think bus drivers should take full responsibility for the passengers' safety?

8) 你不必再去多想那些判断上的失误了。重要的是尽量避免再犯。

You needn't dwell on your mistakes in judgment any more. What's important is to try your best to avoid repeating them.


1) 巨额投资(investment)使这一地区的经济得以迅速发展。

Vast amounts of investment have enabled the economy of the area to grow rapidly.

2) 他们为新建一所医院开展了一场筹款运动。

They launched a campaign to raise money for a new hospital.

3) 成功在于勤奋(diligence),诺兰医生就是一个很好的例证。

Success lies in diligence. Dr. Nolen is a case in point.

4) 他们都具有很高的道德标准,决不会受诱惑接受如此贵重的礼品。

Men of high moral standards, they are never to be tempted into taking such expensive gifts.

5) 有迹象表明,不少工厂正面临着十分困难的局面。

There are indications that numerous factories are faced with a very difficult situation.

6) 警方找到谁是罪犯的重要线索后,在几小时内就以武装抢劫罪拘捕了他。

The police arrested the criminal on a charge of armed robbery several hours after they found an important clue to his identity.

7) 调查显示,对某些人来说,退休往往会造成心理上的病痛。

Investigation has revealed that retirement tends to cause psychological troubles for some people.

8) 医疗队并没有一味抱怨当地医院较差的工作条件。比如,好几位医生就曾用自己的钱购置了简单的医疗器械。

The medical team did more than complain about the relatively poor working conditions at the local hospital. For instance, several doctors bought simple medical instruments with their own money. U9

1) 一切都表明他的计划出了毛病。

Everything points to the fact / indicates that something has gone wrong with his project / plan.

2) 作者认为,我们不应想当然地以为那些智力测验得分高的人在实际工作中就一定能干得好。

The author argues that we should not take it for granted that those who score high on intelligence tests will naturally do well in practical work.

3) 我挑出几条英语习语(idiom), 考了一下我的同班同学。

I picked out some English idioms and tried them on my classmates.

4) 三位教授被请来对新教员设计的教案作出评估。

Three professors were asked to make an evaluation of the teaching plans devised by the new teachers.

5) 这对我们来说是个很小的损失,不要大惊小怪。

It is a very small loss to / for us. Don't make such a fuss over it.

6) 他比任何对手的得分都高得多,证明他不愧为一个胜利者。

He scored far more points / much higher than any of his rivals and proved himself a worthy winner.

7) 这两只动物外貌很相似,但它们属于不同的种类。

The two animals are similar in appearance, but they belong to different species.

8) 我并不确切知道他申请的贷款(loan)银行是否会给他。

I don't know for sure whether the bank will grant him the loan he has applied for.


1) 作者想通过这篇文章向读者传达她对赞扬与批评的看法。

Through the article the author wants to convey to the readers her views on praise and criticism.

2) 作为父母我们应该知道,对于孩子们来说,一句赞扬抵得上十句责骂。

As parents we should know that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.

3) 这位教师并不是一个了不起的学者,但他的确懂得怎样把一门课教得活泼而有趣。(in a ... manner) The teacher isn't much of a scholar, but he does know how to teach a course in a lively and interesting manner.

4) 我们常常发现运用一个规律比懂得它要难得多。

We often find it much more difficult to apply a rule than to know it.

5) 她从不因为孩子们争吵而责骂他们,而是在他们安安静静地玩耍时赞扬几句。

She never scolds her children for squabbling. Instead, she gives them a few words of praise when they play quietly.

6) 格林先生老是挑他女儿写作的刺儿,但不知怎的,对她那首写得很差的诗歌却给予好评。

Mr. Green was always critical of his daughter's writings, but somehow he commented favorably on that poorly written poem of hers.

7) 我们班上有不少学生因为没有按时交作文而受到教师的当众批评。

Quite a few students in our class were publicly criticized by the teacher for failing to hand in their compositions on time.

8) 一位好的教师应对学生取得的进步非常敏感。如果学生的进步被忽视,他们就会感到沮丧。

A good teacher should be very alert to the progress his students make / are making. If their progress is ignored / goes unnoticed, the students will feel discouraged.

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