20xx年专升本英语真题(2)(24000字)

来源:m.ttfanwen.com时间:2017.9.22

20xx年陕西省普通高等教育专升本招生考试

大学英语试题

注意事项

1.考生领到试题后,须按规定在试题上填写姓名、准考证号和座位号,并在答题卡上填涂对应的试卷类型信息点。

2.所有答案必须按照题号在答题卡上对应的答题卡区域内作答,超出各答题卡区域的答案无效。在草稿纸、试题上作答无效。考试结束后,将试题和答题卡一并交回。

3.满分为150分,考试时间为150分钟。

Part I Vocabulary and Structure(40points)

Directions: In this part, there are 40 incomplete sentence. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

1.He was speaking so fast at the conference ________we could hardly follow him.

A. what B. as C. but D. that

2.People ________in summer in the lakes around the city, but now there is no lake available.

A. used to swimming B. was used to swimming

C. were used to swim D. used to swim

3.--What time is the football game on?

--I have ________,but I can check it for you in the newspaper.

A. not idea B. no idea C. no ideas D. not ideas

4.We’ve got two TV sets, but we still can’t watch anything because________ works properly.

A. each B. either C. neither D. every

5.Jack worked late into the night, ________he had not finished even half of the job.

A. only finding B. only found C. only find D. only to find

6.There is no doubt ________he is a good employee, for he has all the qualities that the company needs.

A. as B. Who C. that D. what

7.It suddenly ________me that we could turn to the police foe help.

A. happened to B. occurred to C. took place D. turned up

8.The young man cheated his friend of much money, ________was really disgraceful.

A. it B. who C. that D. which

9.“John is learning German in his free time.”“________.”

A. So his sister does B. So is his sister

C. So does his sister D. So his sister is

10.As the price of oil keeps ________,people have to pay much more for driving.

A. to go up B. going up C. gone up D. go up

11.If you want to join the club, you need to show your photo ID and ________this form first.

A. put up B. try out. C. fill in. D. set up

12.Since he graduate from the university, he________ in an accounting company in Beijing.

A. has been working. B. had worked

C. had been working. D. was working

13.The sales department was required to ________a plan within three weeks for marketing the new products.

A. turn up. B. get up. C. come up with. D. put up with

14.It was because It rained heavily yesterday ________he could not come to the evening school on time.

A. that. B. so that. C. so. D. when

15.Nearly________of the 9,000 species of birds feed on insects.

A. the three fifth. B. three fifths C. three fifth.

D. the three fifths

16.________his brother, John is shy and does not make friends easily with others.

A. Unlike. B. Alike. C. Liking. D. Dislike

17.He is talking so much about America as if he ________there before, but he has never been abroad.

A. has been. B. had been. C. being. D. has gone

18.We must finish the job before Friday, no matter________ different it is.

A. however. B. whatever. C. how. D. what

19.Before________for the job, you will be required to take a language test.

A. apply. B. applying. C. applied. D. to apply

20.Whether I will go or stay ________on the information about my mother's health condition form the door.

A. depends. B. department. C. depend. D. depending

21.When I was in America, I visited almost all the buildings ________had been built before the 18th century.

A. where. B. which. C. that. D. whose

22.I suggested ________at the hotel but my wife was eager________.

A. staying;to go shopping. B. to stay;to go shopping

C. to stay;going shopping. D. staying;going shopping

23.Tom________to his teacher for being late for class.

A. apologized. B. pardoned. C. forgave. D. excused

24.Much to the students'________, the examination was postponed to the

next Friday.

A. problem. B. burden. C. relief. D. belief

25.He was anything ________pleased when he heard the news that he was not admitted to his favorite university.

A. If. B. so. C. but. D. and

26.We investigated other companies in the market to find out ________they would handle complaints from their customers.

A. that. B. how. C. what. D. where

27.By the end of next year, Rose________ as a manager of the company for five years.

A. works. B. is working. C. had worked. D. will have worked

28.Mary found________ extremely hard to pass the driving test after the enforcement of the new traffic regulations.

A. it. B. this. C. that. D. what

29.________a wonderful trip he had when he traveled in China!

A. Where. B. How C. What. D. That

30.The general manager sat there,________to the report from each department.

A. to listen. B. being listened C. listen. D. listening

31.The work seemed easy at first but it ________to be quit difficult.

A. broke out. B. turned out. C. worked out. D. set out

32.We all believe that George is qualified_ ________the job with his experience at the Dean's office for three academic years.

A. for B. with C. at D. in

33.________is known to all, English is one of the most widely used languages in international communication.

A. As B. Which C. That D. Who

34.When you stay in a foreign country for some time, you will get used to the local people’s ________of life.

A. rule B. habit C. way D. tradition

35.The government decided to ________the expenses in office supplies.

A. cut down B. cut off C. cut up D. cut in

36.With the introduction of the computer, libraries are quiet different from ________they were in the past.

A. that B. what C. which D. those

37.It’s my great honor ________to give a speech at the opening ceremony of the Art Festival.

A. to invite B. inviting C. having invited D. to be invited

38.My brother brought me a few books, but________ of them was of any use for my paper.

A. neither B. none C. either D. all

39.You had better stop watching too much TV unless you want to ________your eyesight.

A. ruin B. crash C. block D. break

40.I haven’t seen her for years, but I can still ________her voice on the phone.

A. realize B. listen C. know D. recognize

Part II Reading Comprehension(50 points)

Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a singer line through the centre.

Passage 1

Anthropology(人类学)is the study of how people live. It includes their family life, religion, laws and language. The term “anthropology” comes from two Greek words:“anthropos” means “human being” and “logy” means “the science of”. Anthropology can be divided into two areas. These two main divisions are cultural anthropology and physical anthropology. Anthropologists define human progress in three main steps. Step one begins with the first human being and continues until the last of people who hunted animals just to survive .Step two includes people who grew food. In this step, there was progress in invention and religion. Step three deals with first civilization, such as those in Egypt and parts of Asia. Anthropologists always seek new information about people .For instance, recent evidence found in Ethiopia and Kenya shows humans earlier in history than it was previously believed.

41.According to the passage, anthropology is study of________

A. family life, religion and art

B. the differences between science and arts

C. human beings

D. different cultures

42.Which of the following belongs to the second step of human progress?

A. Progress was made in religion and invention

B. Humans hunted animals just to survive

C. The first civilization came into being.

D. People started to learn science and arts

43.Which of the following statements is TURE?

A. Furniture and movies belong to physical anthropology.

B. Anthropologists are still trying to get new findings about people.

C. The study of human beings began in Egypt and part of Asia.

D. The first civilization appeared only in Egypt and part of Asia.

44.According to the passage, what have anthropologists recently found?

A. There are cultural anthropology and physical anthropology.

B. There are three step in the progress of human beings.

D. There is a longer history of human beings than it was thought before.

45.Which could be the best title for the passage?

A. Anthropology B. The Progress of Human Beings

C. The Civilizations D. The Study of Anthropologists

Passage 2

The legal limit for driving after drinking is 80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 milliliters of blood in the U.S. When tested. But there is no sure way of telling how much you can drink before you reach this limit. It varies with each person depending on your weight, sex, and the sort of drinks you have had. Some people might reach their limit after only about three standard drinks.

In fact, your driving ability can be affected by just one or two drinks. Even if you're below the legal limit, you can still be taken to court if a police officer thinks your driving has been affected by alcohol. It takes about an hour for the body to get rid of the alcohol in one standard drink. So, if you have a heavy drinking in the evening, you might find that your driving ability is still affected the next morning, or you could even find that you are still over the legal limit. In addition, if you have had a few drinks at lunchtime, another one or two drinks in the early evening may well put you over the legal limit.

In a test with professional drivers, the more alcoholic drinks they had had, the more certain they were that they could drive through a set of moveable posts in the driving test... and the less able they were to do it! So the only way to be sure you're safe is not to drink at all. Alcohol is a major cause of road traffic accidents. One in three of the drivers killed in road accidents have levels of alcohol which are over the legal limit, and road accidents after drinking are the biggest cause of death among young people. More than half of the people stopped by the police to take a breath analyzer test have a blood alcohol concentration of more than twice the legal limit.

It is important to remember that driving after drinking doesn't just affect you. If you are involved in an accident, it affects a lot of other people as well, at least the person you might kill or injure.

46.The amount of alcohol one can drink before reaching the legal limit________.

A. is 80 milligrams of pure alcohol B. is bout three standard drinks

C. is different for different people C. is not related to one’s body weight

47.When might you be taken to court by the police for drinking and driving?

A. When you have driven a vehicle after drinking any alcohol at all.

B. When you have had at least three drinks before driving.

C. Only when you tests show that you have 80 milligrams of alcohol at all.

D. When the police think that you r driving is affected by alcohol.

48.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TURE?

A. When you have been drinking heavily in the evening, you might be still over the legal limit the next morning.

B. The more alcoholic drinks the drivers have had, the more likely they are to pass the driving test.

C. If you have had a standard drink, you may drive an hour later.

D. If you want to drive safely, you had better not drink at all.

49.Alcohol is a major cause of road accidents in that________.

A. most drivers who die in these accidents have been drinking

B. more young people die in drink-related accidents than in any other way

C. drinking affects people’s blood alcohol concentration

D. one in three drivers drink heavily

50.What does this article urge you to remember about driving after drinking?

A. You may be taken to court by the police.

B. You may put yourself in danger.

C. You may find your driving ability affected.

D. You may put many other people at risk.

Passage 3

On Thursday afternoon Mrs. Clarke, dressed for going out, took her handbag with some money and her key in it, pulled the door behind her to lock it and went her handbag some money and her key in it, pulled the door behind her to lock it and went to the over 60s Club. She always went there on Thursday. It was a nice outing for an old woman who lived alone. At six o’clock she came home, let herself in and at once smelt cigarette smoke. Cigarette smoke in her house? How? Had someone got in? She checked the back door and the windows. All were locked or fastened, as usual. There was no sign of forced entry.

Over a cup of tea she was wondering whether someone might have a key that fitted her front door—“a master key ”perhaps. So she stayed at home the following Thursday. Nothing happened. Was anyone watching her

movements? On the Thursday after that, dressed as usual, she went out at her usual time, but she didn’t go to the club. Instead she took a short cut home again, letting herself in through her garden and the back door. She settled down to wait.

It was just after four o’clock when the front door bell rang. Mrs. Clarke was making a cup of tea at the time. The bell rang again, and then she heard her letter-box being pushed open. With the kettle of boiling water in her hand, she moved quietly toward the front door. A long piece of wire appeared through the letter-box, and then a hand. The wire turned and caught around the knob on the door-lock. Mrs. Clarke raised the kettle

and poured the water over the hand. There was a shout outside, and the skin seemed to drop off the fingers like a glove. The wire fell to the floor, the hand was pulled back, and Mrs. Clarke heard the sound of running feet.

51.Mrs. Clarke looked forward to Thursday because__________.

A.she worked at a club on the day B.she lived alone

C.she visited a club on Thursdays D.a special visitor came on Thursday Clarke

52.If someone had made a forced entry,________.

A.Mrs. Clarke would have found a broken door or window

B.he or she was still be in the house

C.things would have been thrown about

D.he or she would have needed a master key

53.On the third Thursday, Mrs. Clarke left home________.

A. to go to the club as usual

B. to see if the thief was hanging about outside

C. to report the break-in to the police

D. to trick the thief

54.The lock on the front door was one which________.

A. could not be opened through the letter-box

B. could be opened with a long piece of wire

C. could not be opened without a key

D. could be opened by using a knob instead of a key

55.The wire fell to the floor because________.

A. Mrs. Clarke refused to open the door B.The thief’s glove dropped off

C.it was too hot to hold D.the thief just wanted to get away

Passage 4

No one knows exactly how many disabled people there are in the world, but estimates suggest the number is over 450 million. The number of disabled people in India alone is probably more than double the total population of Canada.

In the United Kingdom, about one in ten people have some disability. Disability is not just something that happens to other people: as we get older, many of us will become less mobile, hard of hearing or have failing eyesight.

Disablement can take many forms and occur at any time of life. Some people are born with disabilities. Many others become disabled as they get older. There are many progressive disabling diseases. The longer time goes on, the worse they become. Some people are disabled in accidents. Many others may have a period of disability in the form of a mental illness. All are affected by people's attitude towards

them.

Disabled people face many physical barriers. Next time you go shopping or to work or visit friends, imagine how you would manage if you could not get up steps, or on to buses and trains. How would you cope if you could not see where you were going or could not hear the traffic? But there are other barriers: prejudice can be even harder to break down and ignorance inevitably represents by far the greatest barrier of all. It is almost impossible for the able-bodied to fully appreciate what the severely disabled go through, so it is important to draw attention to these barriers and show that it is the individual person and their ability, not their disability, which counts.

56. The first paragraph points out that________.

A. there are many disabled people in the world

B. the number of disabled people in India is the biggest

C. India has many more disabled people than Canada

D. it is easy to get an exact number of the world's disabled people

57.The last paragraph focuses on_________.

A. disability B. ignorance

C. is included D. is numbered

58. The last word “counts” most probably means “________.”

A. is important B. is considered

C. is included D. is numbered

59.Which of the following statements is NOT TURE?

A. Even the able-bodied may lose some of their body functions when they get older.

B. There are about 10 percent disabled people in the United Kingdom.

C. The whole society should pay due attention to the barriers faced by disabled people.

F. There still exits prejudice against the disabled that is easy to break down.

60. It can be concluded from the passage that________.

A. we should try our best to prevent disability

B. both physical and mental barriers are hard to break down

C. we should take a proper attitude towards the disabled

D. the able-bodied people will fully understand the disabled

Part III Cloze Test(20 points)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there four choices marked A,B,C and D below the passage. You should decide on the ONE that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a singer line through the center.

Mr. Johnson worked in an office. He was short and overweight, and he looked like a fifty-year-old man 61 he was no more than thirty=five. He 62 three thousand dollars a month and had his own house and car. But he was very miserly(吝啬的)and had 63 friends. He took good care of

nobody but 64 .He was introduced to several girls. but he never bought any 65 for them and no girl liked a man liked him. So he had to 66 alone in his beautiful house. He was always sad of it but didn’t know the 67 .

One Sunday morning Mr. Johnson felt lonely 68 and wet out for a walk near a park.

It was a fine day. The sun was 69 and the birds were singing in the trees. Beautiful 70 and green grass could be seen everywhere. He 71 about his sadness and walked on. Suddenly he heard someone was calling from 72 .He turned round and saw a pretty girl with a pair of glasses 73 to catch up with him. He felt strange 74 he didn’t know her at all, but he stopped to 75 her.

“Don’t you remember me, sir?” asked the girl.” I 76 you last December!”

“I’m 77 you’re one of my children ’s father,” the girl

said .Suddenly she found she didn’t know the man at all and her 78 turned red and hurried off. 79 her walking away, Mr. Johnson could not understand 80 it meant. Of course, he didn’t know that she was a primary school teacher.

61.A. if B. whether C. though D. where

62.A. paid B. was paid C. borrowed D. was borrowed

63.A. few B. a few C. little D. a little

64.A. he B. him C. his D. himself

65.A. live B. play C. work D. build

66.A. presence B. presents C. presenters D. presentation

67.A. excuse B. advice C. suggestion D. reason

68.A. in the office B. At school C. at home D. in the restaurant

69.A. flying B. shining C. standing D. sitting

70.A. plants B. rocks C. flowers D. stones

71.A. wrote B. read C. remembered D. forgot

72.A. behind B. front C. away D. over

73.A. resting B. trying C. planning D. asking

74.A. while B. until C. unless D. because

75.A. wait for B. help out C. find out D. discuss with

76.A. examined B. hurt C. visited D. invited

77.A. happy B. sure C. sad D. sorry

78.A. head B. eyes C. nose D. face

79.A. Watching B. Drawing C. Beating D. Receiving

80.A. why B. when C. where D. what

Part IV Translation(20 points)

Directions: In this part, there is one paragraph in English. Read the paragraph carefully and translation it into Chinese.

Sometimes in life, you can find a special friends, someone who changes your life just by being part of it; someone who makes you laugh until you cannot stop; someone who makes you believe that there is really something good in the world; someone who convinces you that there really is an unlocked door just waiting for you to open. This is forever friendship.

Part V Writing(20points)

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a comprehension of 120 to 180 words. Your writing should be based on the title and outline given below.

On Failure

1.人生难免会有失败;

2.人们对失败的态度;

3.你的观点。

PartIV Translation(共20分)

在人生中,有时,你会遇到一个特别的朋友。他不过是你人生中的一部分,却能改变你的整个人生。他会逗得你开怀大笑;他会让你相信人间有真情;他会让你确信,总是有那么一扇门,从未上锁,等待着你去开启!这就是一生的友谊。

【评分参考】

⑴译文完整、正确、通顺、忠实于原文,得16~20分。

⑵译文完整、基本正确,尚通顺、尚忠实于原文,得12~15分。

⑶译文基本正确,但不通顺,有误译、漏译之处,得8~11分。

⑷译文不完整,不通顺,误译、漏译频现,得3~7分。

⑸译文支离破碎,不成句子或只有个别词译文正确,得1~2分。

⑹无译文或译文与原文无关,得0分。

Part V Writing(共20分)

On Failure

It is inevitable that we may experience failure in life. If we don’t work hard or try our best, it is very likely that we will fail in what we do. Sometimes, even when we have already worked hard enough and made every effort, still we may end in failure. Probably it is fair to say that every one has experienced some failure.

People have different attitude towards failure. Some people get very discouraged when they fail, as if there would be no other way out. Others believe failure can be instructive as they can learn from it. If they don’t give up and ;earn their lesson from their past failures, they will succeed eventually.

I believe it is normal that we may fail since failure is part of our life. It is encouraging if we can succeed; however, it is more important that we should not give up if we fail. We should develop our capacity to learn from failures. By doing so, we will definitely succeed in the end.

【评分参考】

⑴文章切题,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性较好,基本上无语言错误,字数在120个单词以上,得17~20分。

⑵文章切题,表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量无语言错误,字数在110~120个单词之间,得14~16分。

⑶文章基本切题,表达思想比较清楚,文字上连贯,但语言错误较多,其中有少量严重错误,字数在100个词左右,得10~13分。

⑷文章基本切题,表达思想不够清楚,文字连贯性差,有较多严重的语言错误,字数在80个词左右,得6~9分。

⑸文章基本不切题,条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子都有错误,且较多为严重错误,得1~5分。

⑹ 交白卷者,或文章与题目毫不相关,得0分。

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