我与阅读(2400字)

来源:m.ttfanwen.com时间:2016.4.18

浅谈我与阅读

说来也怪,小时侯乖张活跃的我,却对方块字有着浓厚的兴趣,无论是阅读、写作还是书法,可以说我是和文字结下了不解之缘的。在这里我讲述自己与阅读,也是在讲述自己的成长。

我和阅读的初次邂逅相信和大多数人无异,是从看连环画开始的。现在虽然已经上了大学,但每每触碰到《白雪公主与七个小矮人》、《海的女儿》、《孙悟空三打白骨精》、《葫芦兄弟》等等这些名字,便会觉得有细致到仿佛同时光缓慢流逝一样的温暖,重温起五六岁时对他们入迷得狂热的往昔,发现其实还是那些多彩的画面带给了我更多的吸引力与探索欲望,幼时的个人眼界不可避免是十分狭隘的,而连环画上精致的碧海蓝天,王子公主,都带给我最直接的感官刺激,以至于故事中的那些妖魔鬼怪在我眼中也都显得可爱亲切。这样的阅读,层次虽低却兴趣盎然,作为我并不算久的阅读经历的滥觞,令我十分怀念。

当然我不可能一直停留在痴迷于连环画的初始阶段。上了小学,识字一天天积累起来,加上父母的督促,算是较早地打下了语文底子,此爸爸给我看的,很多是字上带拼音的童话和寓言故事,《格林童话》、《安徒生童话》、《伊索寓言》这些书,成为那些时光里我阅读的记忆。在写这篇文章之前,以为自己已经将他们遗忘了,遗忘在这几年忙碌而又后知后觉的生活中,真的是这样,对于我们这些活在当下的八十后、九十后来说,寻觅童年成为一件奢侈的事情。身在大学校园中的我们,开始走进这个冷色调的社会,大多数人,无论是积极入世地学习工作,还是消极混世地沉没,抑或是不痛不痒的过日子的人,都有点“忙得丢掉了魂灵”。能够给自己时间,暂时隔离喧嚣和忙碌,梳理心绪,整理心情的人,少之又少。这里想起最近在同学空间看到的一句话:“复习以往我们生活中精彩或美好的片段,常常会使我们整旧如新。”觉得好。我们中的很多人,是不是都有点生锈了? 扯远了。回到我的小学。感觉似乎是如饥似渴的找书读,在我们那个小山村,没有藏书万卷的书阁,也没有包容万千的小书行,我把学校订购的小学生天地,小学生时代看了一遍又一遍,每天都在等着月初的到来。然后捧着书从放学看到睡觉为止。近视眼就是那半床书的功劳。我的知己爸爸,见我如此这般的着迷于阅读,每次出差便会给我带来许多洋溢的书香气味的书,厚的薄的,我喜欢那种带着大书库味道的书,它们在召唤着我。但爸爸认为开卷有益,但也要开好卷,我不知道哪些书被她替我淘汰了,只记得他为我提供的就是《小红帽》、《狼来了》、《阿里巴巴与四十大盗》、《卖火柴的小女孩》······这样的故事。至于中国的,就是一些简单又容易上口的古诗词。我无法否认这段时期的阅读给我留下的印象是美好和具有积极意义的,对爸爸启蒙我的阅读生涯也是感恩,只是对爸爸决定开卷标准却觉得遗憾。因我觉得人阅读的前期,在内容选择上是不该设禁区的,要尽量做到博览。三教九流,各式各样的书都应该涉猎一些。书当然有好坏之分,但阅读是自己的事,不去看过怎判断其好坏?好与不好,这把尺,有条件最好还是要把握在自己手里。道听途说,人云亦云,盲目以他人择定的取舍标准来代替自己的亲身体验与判断,不得不说是一种遗憾。

小学四五年级,自己已经较少遇到陌生的字,阅读爱好也并不是属于非主流,因此也很自然的将阅读主体过渡到那些名著上。四大名著自不必说,近现代作家的一些书也看了一些。但理解力尚浅,因此都是浅尝辄止,无法深入。在这个阶段值得一提的是有了自己的选择和兴趣方向,我对历史,科幻方面的书很是喜欢。记得那时,对面的小摊贩摆出了几本秦始皇等的历史名人传记,印刷的似乎有些懵懂,我还是打算忽略这点,省了几天早饭的钱把它藏回了家里。爸爸后来见我

说,以后咱尽量支持正版。我内心欣喜,抱着它读了一个星期。

关于初中高中的阅读,我就不用“编年体”时间顺序来讲述了,用“记传体”吧。在这个阶段里,我阅读的主体是散文和诗词,以及一些人物传记。而阅读的对象,作者和作家,主要是韩寒,郭敬明,张悦然,余秋雨,余华,安妮宝贝,七堇年。像余秋雨老师早年的那些戏剧理论专著,就没看了。觉得韩寒和郭小四有自己风格和优点,但不成熟(我太不谦虚了)。其他几位,都令我十分敬佩并热爱。尤其是余秋雨老师,记得高中语文老师第一次介绍他时用“二十世纪最后一位大师。”觉得他实在当之无愧。以后能够不断看到他们新的创作,使我感到振奋。还有一位让我现在仍在耿耿于怀的便是王蒙老师,记得暑假培训班期间我痴于他的一本写文革时期的《青春万岁》,正深深地被里面的人物性格所吸引,但仅在一个中午时间,我的王蒙老师便不翼而飞。我但时有些恼怒,但也对王蒙老师产生了崇高的敬意。最近听说这两位都被一些人提议推向诺贝尔文学奖的荣誉。至少这一阶段,我该深深的感谢于他们的指导。

至于已逝的那些作家文人或是作品,就提几个喜欢点的名字了:诗经,曹操,陶渊明,将进酒,杜甫,王维,李商隐,柳永,苏轼,陆游,李清照,纳兰容若。他们是我在自己相当有限的古代文学阅读中有幸撷取的几朵花瓣,每每忆起与他们的每一次邂逅,都觉得暗香浮动。

若说外国文学的阅读,除了语文课本上指定的那些带有一定喜剧性,戏剧性的文学作品外,因一开始便看了心理承受度需非常高的悲怆复杂小说,如《呼啸山庄》《鲁滨逊漂流记》《悲惨世界》等,让我对其外国的繁杂的语言,复杂的心理,过于突兀的情节和平实的语言还有那让我一直伤脑筋的名字产生了一些抵触。之后到现在的几年,只看了些认为当时只用于消遣的小说《安娜》《沉默的羔羊》??至今留下深刻印象的,是小学时看过的几本儒勒-凡尔纳的科幻小说,《海底两万里》、《地心之旅》······还有的,就是川端康成和春上村树的几本书。但我相信外国文学中肯定有无数精彩而有意义的故事和篇章。而今,学校图书馆的藏书贯通中西,我期待并努力与他们相遇。

这便是我与阅读过去的故事。正如图书馆壁上挂的飞舞的草书写的那样相信没有了书籍的生活便会象一个人失了灵魂。我确信我和阅读一辈子的未来,会更美好。我殷切以待。


第二篇:阅读与表达 19200字

In Canada you can find dogs, cats, horses, etc. in almost every family. These are their pets. People love these pets and regard them as their good friends. Before they keep them at their houses, they take them to animal hospitals to give them medical exams so that they won?t carry disease (疾病). They have special animal food stores, though they can get animal food in almost every store. Some people spend around two hundred Canadian dollars a month on animal food. When you visit people?s homes, they would be very glad to show you their pets and they are very proud of them. You will also find almost every family has a bird feeder (食盒) on the tall tree in their garden. All kinds of birds are welcome to come and have a good meal. They are free to come and go and you can enjoy many kinds of beautiful birds at the windows. Nobody is allowed to kill any animals in Canada. They have a law against killing wild (野生的) animals. If you killed an animal, you would be punished. If an animal happened to get run over by a car, people would be very sad about it.

People in Canada have many reasons to like animals. One of them might be: Their family members are not as close as ours. When children grow up, they leave their parents and start their own living. Then the old parents will feel lonely. But pets can solve this problem. They can be good friends and never leave them alone.

1. Do most Canadian families keep pets in their homes?

_____________________________________________________

2. Where do they give their pets medical exams?

_____________________________________________________

3. Do Canadian people put bird feeders on the trees or on the grass in their yard?

_____________________________________________________

4. What can they enjoy with bird feeders at the windows?

_____________________________________________________

5. What?s the Canadians? attitude to the wild animals and how do they treat them?

_____________________________________________________

People didn?t use to throw things away. They used to mend their clothes and reused them until they wore out. When they bought things, they used to carry shopping baskets. But now we don?t reuse things well and more rubbish has been produced. We throw away 25 million tones of waste in our dustbins (垃圾箱) every year. That means one family throw away about one thousand kilos of waste.

We have a strong reason to take it as a serious problem! The fact is that lots of rubbish we throw away could be reused or recycled (回收利用). The so-called rubbish isn?t really rubbish. The UK is one of the worst recyclers in Europe. In other words, in the UK they?re recycling only about 8% of their everyday waste. That?s much less than many other countries. Germany recycles 10%, while Japan recycles 40%. The government has set a goal of recycling 30% of their everyday waste by the year 2010. But it looks that it is not easy to teach it. As we know, some habits are difficult to change and some collection plans are expensive to carry out.

At present, the movement called Recycle Now in the UK tries to change that situation. The Top designer (设计师)Oliver Heath is a strong fan of the movement. In 2005 he designed the first home built completely from recycled things, including metal cans and glass bottles. “It always makes me excited when I make good use of those recycled things,” he said, “Maybe in the near

future, you can also make something from recycled computer printers, plastic bags, bottle tops or CDs.” When his story was reported on TV, more and more people begin to try his ideas.

Some local (地方的) governments have set up recycling centres where it?s easy for families to take their empty bottles and old newspapers. Instead of throwing away the so-called rubbish, some families start doing more about it.

With the effort of the whole country, we are happy to see some progress in some places in the UK.

1. Do people produce more rubbish than before?

____________________________________________________________________

2. Why does the writer think rubbish is a serious problem?

____________________________________________________________________

3. Which country recycles more than 10%, Germany or Japan?

____________________________________________________________________

4. How does Oliver Heath feel when he turns recycled things into something useful?

____________________________________________________________________

5. What conclusion (结论) can you get about the recycling work in the UK?

____________________________________________________________________

Jackie Joyner-Kersee had a serious asthma attack while running a race at the 1994 U.S. Olympic Festival.

“I wasn?t afraid of running; I was afraid I might die,” said Joyner- Kersee. “I said ?Don?t be afraid... just hold on.?”

So, what is asthma? It?s a health condition that makes it hard to breathe. Although it comes and goes, once you have asthma, you have it for a long time. Different treatments are used for asthma. There are very strong drugs that can be taken for a long time with few side effects. Today, even people with serious asthma can take part in sports.

Joyner-Kersee has had problems with asthma for many years. She said, “I didn?t have this as a little girl. It wasn?t until I went to California that I noticed it, and then I didn?t want to accept it. When I start feeling good, I stop taking the medicine. It will be all right.... I hope.”

The race was supposed to start at 5:35 p.m. At 5:00, she began to have trouble breathing. She was given a breathing test and treatment by a doctor. She said she thought about not running. She was out of breath.

“It?s just hard running with asthma,” she said. “When I experienced this in practice.... I couldn?t breathe. It was really hard for me.” She said the problem with asthma is that you don?t

know when it will happen. She was fine when she arrived at the stadium. The breathing treatment helped her.

Joyner-Kersee?s experience shows that medical treatment is important. First, if you think you have asthma, see a doctor. Asthma drugs can protect your lungs. Second, pay attention to your health. Tell your doctor immediately if you wake up and have trouble breathing. This means the condition is getting worse. Many people don?t want to be known to have asthma, and then they must go to the hospital.

Most importantly, remember that with asthma, you can have a normal life. You can even win an Olympic gold medal.

1. Did Jackie Joyner-Kersee run at the 1994 U.S. Olympic Festival?

____________________________________________________________________

2. What is asthma?

____________________________________________________________________

3. When did Joyner-Kersee first find she had asthma?

____________________________________________________________________

4. How can you tell your asthma is getting worse?

____________________________________________________________________

5. What do you think is the writer?s purpose of writing the passage?

____________________________________________________________________

John Brown, an office worker, lives in Washington. He inherited (继承)$1,000,000 when he was 23. He didn't feel happy at all. His college friends were looking for their first jobs, but he didn't have to. John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else. He didn't tell any of his friends and gave $100,000 of his money to a charity(慈善团体)that helped poor children to live better lives, but he is much happier.

Up to now, John has helped 15 children from poor countries all over the world , $ 200 a month for each. The child does not receive the money in cash(现金). The money pays for the child's school expenses, food, medical care and clothing. John receives a report each year on the child's progress. They can write to each other, but usually the children do not speak English.

When John first heard about these children, he wanted to help them. “It was not anything special,” he said, “Until I had the chance to go to these countries and meet the children I was helping, I did not know anything about the type of life they had.”

Once John went to meet a little girl in Africa. He said that the meeting was very exciting. “When I met her, I felt very very happy,” he said, “I saw that the money was used for a very good plan. It brought me closer to the child in a way that giving money alone cannot.” “I want to do everything I can. I will go on helping those children in need,” he added.

1. Did John want to look for a job or stay at home after he got the money?

2. What kind of life is John living?

3.The children receive the money in cash, don't they ?

4.Why was John very happy when he met the little girl ?

5.What do you think of John Brown ?

One of the fastest passenger trains in the world is the Eurostar, which covers the distance between London and Paris in just over two and a half hours – a journey which used to take five or six hours and always involved(包含) a slow boat crossing. If you take the Europstar, you can leave London Warterloo at 4 o?clock on a Friday afternoon and be in the centre of Paris at 6:35, in time for dinner. The train also goes to other places, such as Calais, Lille, Disneyworld Paris, and Brussels.

One of the most exciting things about Europstar is that it goes through a tunnel under the sea. This is called the Channel Tunnel, and goes between Folkstone in England and Sangate in France. The tunnel is 31 miles long, and cost $21 billion to build. This part of the journey takes about 20 minutes and you don?t really notice what is happening, but some people choose not to travel by the Europstar because the idea of it worries them. The tunnel has been made safe enough, however, and there are two other tunnels that people can get out of quickly if there is a fire or an accident.

It is also possible to drive through the tunnel, but this takes much longer than the high-speed train. The trains have a top speed of 180 mph (300 kph), and run on special tracks(轨道). These tracks allow the train to go much faster.

The trains are very comfortable, just like all the other trains, and you can also buy plenty of food and drink in the restaurant car. There is just one thing that many people might feel a little pity – the train travels so fast, especially on the French side where it speeds up quite a lot. You can?t really see anything out of the window.

1. Does the Eurostar travel between London and Paris?

____________________________________________________________________

2. How long is the Channel Tunnel?

____________________________________________________________________

3. How many tunnels are there to help people get out of if there is a fire?

____________________________________________________________________

4. What makes the Eurostar go faster through the tunnel?

____________________________________________________________________

5. What?s special about the Eurostar?

____________________________________________________________________

There are many famous museums throughout the world where people can enjoy art. Washington

D.C. has the National Gallery of Art, Paris has the Louvre, London, the British Museum. Florida International University (FIU) in Miami also shows art for people to see. And it does so without a building, or even a wall for its drawings and paintings.

FIU has opened the first computer art museum in the United States. You don't have to visit the University to see the art. You just need a computer linked(连接) to a telephone. You can call the telephone number of a university computer and connect your own computer to it. All of the art is stored in the school computer. It is computer art, produced electronically(电子地) by artists on their own computers. In only a few minutes, your computer can receive and copy all the pictures and drawings.

Robert Shostak is the director of the new computer museum. He says he starts the museum because computer artists had no place to show their works.

A computer artist can only record his pictures electronically and send the records to others to see on their computers. He can also put his pictures on paper. But to print good pictures on paper, the computer artist needs an expensive laser printer.

Robert Shostak says the electronic museum is mostly for art or computer students at schools and universities. Many of the pictures in the museum are made by students. Mr Shostak said the FIU museum will make computer art more fun for computer artists because more people can see it. He says artists enjoy their work much more if they have an audience. And the great number of home computers in America could mean a huge audience for the electronic museum.

1. Has FIU opened the first computer art museum in the United States?

__________________________________________________________

2. Where is all of the art stored in FIU ?

3. Why does Robert Shostak start the museum?

4. What do you need to see the art in FIU museum?

5. What does the writer want to tell us in the article?

What will the home of the future look like? A team of architects(建筑师) in Hong Kong say that city homes will be tiny, as populations continue to grow and space becomes more expensive. They have designed "spaceflats" that are just 30 square meters in size. These flats have three small rooms: a living room, a bathroom and a bedroom, as well as a balcony (阳台), but everything is carefully planned to make good use of the limited space.

The living room is the main room of the flat. It can be used as an office, a kitchen even a second bedroom. There is a sofa that can be changed into a bed. The dinning table can be changed into a computer desk. And, if not needed, both the sofa-bed and the table can be folded away and stored into a small space in the wall. There is a flat-screen TV, which can also serve as a computer monitor. In one of the room, a small cooker, a microwave oven and a miniature( 微型 ) refrigerator are hidden out of sight.

The other rooms are small but practical. The bathroom contains a toilet and a

shower. The double bed in the bedroom can also be a sofa, if necessary .The balcony has enough room for two people to sit and enjoy the view from the block of flats. All the rooms have high ceiling to provide as much storage space as possible, while the flat has large windows to let in plenty of sunlight.

"Spaceflats" are now being tested in a building in Hong Kong. "It's wonderful,"

said one resident (居民) ."The flat is so well designed that you feel that there is plenty of space.(290)

1. Do the architects think that “Spaceflat” will be important in the future?

________________________________________________________

2. Is the “Spaceflat” big or small?

________________________________________________________

3. How many rooms does a “Spaceflat” have?

________________________________________________________

4. Why does the resident like that flat?

________________________________________________________

5. What do you think are the good points about living in a “spaceflat”?

________________________________________________________

Be Careful about Energy Drinks

Be careful what you drink; something that looks cool may not be good for your health.

The weather is getting hotter and you'll be getting thirstier playing basketball or riding home from school. A cold drink may be just the thing. But be careful what you pour down your throat; something that looks cool may not be good for your health.

There are plenty of so-called energy drinks on the market. Most of them have an attractive color and cool name.

But after a careful check you may find that most energy drinks have high levels of caffeine. These drinks are specially aimed at young people, students, busy people and sports players. Makers sometimes say their drinks make you better at sports and can keep you awake. But be careful not to drink too much.

Caffeine raises your heartbeat. Because of this, the International Olympic Committee has limited their use. The amount of caffeine in most energy drinks is at least as high as in a strong cup of coffee or strong tea.

Research by Australian scientists has found that many teenagers are affected by caffeine. The results of their study show that 27 percent of boys aged 8-12 take in more caffeine than their parents. There are hidden health problems connected to energy drinks. Just one can of energy drink can make you nervous, have difficulty sleeping and can even cause heart attacks.

“Teenagers should not be encouraged to have drinks with high level caffeine in them,” a scientist from the Australia Nutrition Foundation said.

1. Are all the drinks that look cool good for health?

____________________________________________________________________

2. What kind of drinks has high level caffeine?

____________________________________________________________________

3. Who are these drinks for?

____________________________________________________________________

4. Who made the research on the drinks with high levels of caffeine?

____________________________________________________________________

5. Why should teenagers not be encouraged to have drinks with high level caffeine in them? ____________________________________________________________________

答案

一.

1. Yes, they do. 2. In animal hospitals. 3. On the trees.

4. They can see many kinds of birds.

5.They love their pets and wild animals. They treat their pets as family members and even feed

wild birds. They never kill wild animals

二.

1. Yes. / Yes, they do.

2. Because lots of the rubbish we throw away could be refused or recycled.

3. Japan.

4. Excited. / He feels excited.

5. They have made some progress, but it?s difficult to reach the government?s goal.

三. 1. Yes.

2. It?s a health condition that makes it hard to breathe.

3. When she got to California.

4. If you have trouble breathing when you wake up in the morning, it means that your asthma is getting worse.

5.Don?t be afraid if you have asthma. / You can still have a normal life with asthma./ You can take part in sports with serious asthma.

五.

1. He wanted to look for a job.

2. He is living a simple life./A simple life.

3. No./No, they don?t.

4. Because (he saw) his money was well used.

5. He is a kind /generous person./ He is very kind/generous.

六.

1. Yes, it does.

2. 31 miles long.

3. Three / 3.

4. The special tracks.

5. It runs so fast and it goes through a tunnel under the sea.

七.

1. Yes. / Yes, it has.

2. In the school computer.

3. Because computer artists had no place to show their works.

4. A computer connected/linked to the museum by telephone.

5. To give some information about a computer art museum in Miami, USA.

八.

1. Yes, they do.

2. Small (Tiny).

3. Three.

4. Because there is plenty of space.

5. It?s wonderful, well designed, small but practical.

九.

1. No.

2. Most energy drinks.

3. For young people, students, busy people and sports players.

4. Australian scientists.

5. If you drink too much energy drinks, you may have hidden health problems. You may become nervous, have difficulty sleeping or have heart attacks.

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