高考英语重点词组必背150(4500字)

来源:m.ttfanwen.com时间:2017.2.24

高考英语重点词组必背150 条

accept as承认是;接受为 account for 解释,说明accuse sb. of sth. 控告(某人某事) achieve one's aim实现目标 adapt oneself to 使自己适应于 address oneself to 从事于;忙着做,着手 amount to 总共达到;实际上是 answer for 对…负责任 apply oneself to 致力于 approve of赞同;赞许argue with sb. about sth 因…和某人争执 assist in doing sth. 协助某人做... associate... with... 使发生联系;使联合assure sb. of sth. 使(某人)确信(某事)

attach importance to 认为重要back up 支持be absorbed in 专心致力于…

be accustomed to 习惯于 be addicted to 沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾

be beneficial to 有利于,有益于 be better off 境况富裕;更富有

be bound to 一定会…,必然… be burdened with ... 使负重担

be capable of 有做出(某事)倾向的 be careful with 对…小心/认真

be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake) 偶然遇上(雨,堵塞,地震等)be composed of 由…组成 be concerned with 关心,挂念;从事于be crazy about对…着迷

be cross with sb. at sth. 因某事和..发脾气

be curious about 对…感到好奇 be deaf to sth. 对…充耳不闻

be determined to do sth 决意/ 决心做某事 be eager for sth. 渴求某事物

be fed up with 对…感到厌烦,腻了 be jealous of sb嫉妒某人

be keen on 喜爱,渴望 be located in 位于…,坐落在…

be marked with 被标上…记号 be occupied in 忙于…,正从事…

be strict with sb. in sth. 对…要求严格 break up 驱散,学校的放学 burst into tears突然哭起来call off 取消(计划,比赛) carry / do / make an experiment做实验

carry on 继续,坚持下去;从事,经营 carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行

catch sight of 发现,看到,突然看见 clear up 解释,澄清;整理,收拾;天气变晴

come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到 come into effect 开始生效,开始实行

come into operation 施行生效;开始工作 come out 出现,显露;出版,发表;结果是

comment on 评论,批评,解释 compete for 为……而竞争

congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人 contribute to 有助于…,促成

count on 依靠,指望 cross out 删去,取消 cut short 中断,打断

deliver a speech发表(演说等) devote oneself to 献身于;致力于

dispose of 除掉;干掉;卖掉 drop out 退出,退学,弃权,放弃

employ oneself in 使忙于,使从事于 face up to 大胆面向

feel like doing sth.觉得想做… figure out 计算出;估计;理解

forgive sb. for sth. 原谅某人(做了)某事 gain/have an advantage 胜过,开始(做某事) get in a word插话 get into the habit of养成…的习惯

get through 接通电话; 完成; 通过(如考试);花光金钱等,克服困难,解决问题

give rise to 引起,导致 go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事

go around 分配,传播,传开 have a gift for music有音乐天分

have a good knowledge of 对.很熟悉 have access to接近(或进入)的方法

have difficulty/trouble in doing sth 做某事有困难

have high hope for sb.对某人抱很大希望 keep an eye on 照看;留意

have no mercy on sb.对…一点儿也不怜悯 interfere with 妨碍;打扰

keep an eye on 照看留意 keep company with 和 交往 keep in touch 保持联系 keep track of 记录;掌握……的线索;保持对……的联系

knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到 knock out 击倒,击昏

lay down one’s life for 为……献出生命 lay emphasis on sth 强调

leave out 删掉,漏掉 look down on/upon sb 轻视某人

look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报) look up to sb 尊敬某人

lose heart 泄气;灰心 lose one's temper 发怒,发脾气

make a difference 有影响,有关系make a good impression on sb. 给某人留下好印象 make a/the difference 有影响,很重要 make an announcement通知

make certain 弄清楚 make contact with sb与某人联络

make efforts to do sth. 努力做某事 make ends meet量入而出;使收支相抵

make the best of 充分利用(时间等) make the most of 充分利用;极为重视

make up for 补偿,弥补 make up one's mind 决定,下决心

make wonders创造奇迹 meet the demands满足要求

pay back 偿还,回报,向...报复pay off 还清债; 给清工资后遣散; 得到好结果,取得成功

play a joke on sb开玩笑 play a trick on sb. 给某人恶作剧

put away放下,收起来,把…放在原位,存钱 put in order 使...整齐,秩序井然

put one’s heart into 全心全意投入 put through 接通电话

put up with 容忍,忍受 remain in one's memory留在某人的记忆中

remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 run a risk of =at the risk of 冒……险 run for 竞选 run short 用完,耗尽,不足,不够 set about doing sth 着手做某事

set about doing 开始,着手 set an example for 为某人树立榜样 set aside 流出,宣布……无效,不顾 set fire to 使燃烧,点燃

settle down 定居,过安定生活show off 炫耀,卖弄 stand for 代表,意味着; 主张,支持;stick to 坚持,忠于,信守take a chance 碰运气 take a correct attitude towards sth. 对…抱正确的态度 take advantage of 趁…之机,利用take after 与…相象

take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话) take charge of 负责 take into account 把…考虑进去 take into consideration 考虑到,顾及 take on a new look呈现一片新面貌

take pains to do 努力做某事 take pleasure in doing sth. 喜欢做某事

take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪 take turns 轮流 think highly of 高度评价 throw light on sth. 解释,阐明


第二篇:高一英语重点词组句型 4600字

1. add up the score

2. calm sb down keep calm

3. have got to=have to

4. be concerned about=be worried about

5. go through=experience

6. set down=write down

7. a series of

8. grow crazy about

9. everything to do with nature be/have nothing to do with

10. stay awake

11. on purpose by accident/chance

12. happen to do… It happened that…碰巧

13. face to face face-to-face

14. no longer not … any longer

15. recover from illness

16. suffer from a headache suffer heavy losses/a great pain

17. be tired of be tired from be tired/worn out

18. pack up

19. have some trouble/difficulty with +n./in+doing

20. get on well with sb/sth

21. fall in love with sb be in love with sb.

22. communicate with sb

23. be grateful to sb for sth.

24. give sb some advice/tips on sth.

25. join in=take part in + 活动 join+ sb join +组织(the army/the Party)

26. one another=each other

27. an official language local officials

28. because of=as a result of + n./doing/what引导的宾语从句

29. than ever before

30. even if =even though 即使

31. actually=in fact=as a matter of fact

32. at first 起初 first of all 首先

33. be based on/upon

34. at present

35. enrich/enlarge vocabulary

36. make use of=take advantage of make good use of=make the best of

37. in the 1980s/1980’s 在20世纪xx年代

38. the former前者 the latter 后者

39. a large number of=large numbers of + pl.

40. English-speaking countries

41. command sb to do… have a good command of English 精通英语

42. request sb to do..

43. standard English living standard 生活水平

44. expect sb to do…

45. believe it or not

46. play an important part/role in… 在…方面起重要作用 play a part/role in 在…扮演角色

47. be recognized as/to be the best 被公认/承认为…

48. go straight for two blocks

49. native English speakers native language

50. speak with a strong accent

51. dream of/about

52. persuade sb to do…=persuade sb into doing… persuade sb not to do/out of doing…

53. try to persuade sb to do…=advise sb to do…

54. graduate from college

55. be fond of

56. insist on/upon

57. care about 在乎、在意 care for 喜欢、照顾

58. a determined/frightened look

59. determine to=be determined to=decide to=make up one’s mind to do…(mind可数)

60. at an altitude of at a speed of at a height of

61. give in to sb/sth give up smoking

62. a block of ice 一块冰 His car blocked others.(堵塞,挡住)

63. be dressed in=wear=have on

64. the setting sun The sun is setting.

65. reliable rely on=depend on

66. change coats for T-shirts change…for… 区分change…into…

67. for company 作伴

68. have a good attitude to/towards

69. put up a tent/a building/a notice (搭起帐篷、建起高楼、张贴通知)

70. prefer 用法见金版25页

71. can’t wait to do …

72. right away=right now=at once=immediately=in no time

73. burst into tears/laughter/flames=burst out crying/laughing/burning

74. burst into =break into a house

75. think little/nothing of think highly of

76. be at an end= come to an end

77. as if=as though

78. 79. lie/be in ruins leave…in ruins ruin one’s hope/happiness/holiday

80. be injured in an accident be wounded in the war hurt one’s feeling harm one’s health

81. be completely destroyed be badly damaged

82. tens of thousands of 数以万计 hundreds of thousands of 数十万

83. instead of=in place of 代替 instead of doing=rather than do 而不是

84. be shocked at/to do/that shocking news

85. rescue...from…

86. dig out

87. bury oneself in study/be buried in study

88. the dead/injured/missing (谓语用复数)

89. congratulate sb on/upon sth celebrate sth

90. give/offer one’91. judge a man by his looks/appearance Judging from/by…

92. to honor=in honor of=in memory of

93. It’s a great honor for me to do=I feel greatly honored to do…

94. raise money=collect money

95. disaster-hit/stricken areas

96. Your friend come to school very upset.(见unit one 课后注解)

97. There was a time when…(when 引导定语从句)

98. It’s the first time that… (that 引导的从句用什么时态?)

99. It’s no good/use/pleasure doing…

100. I find/think/feel it hard to do…=I find/think/feel that it is hard to do…

101. There is no such thing as standard English. (such 为什么后面的a没有了?) 102. …

103. It was my sister who/that first had the idea. (强调句)

104. She can be really stubborn. (can 译为“有时”) It can be very cold here in winter. 105. Everywhere they looked, nearly everything was destroyed.

106. Water, food and electricity were hard to get.=It was hard to get water food and electricity.

be + adj. + to do (to do 是主动形式表被动含义,不可用to be done)

107. All hope was not lost. = Not all hope was lost. (部分否定详见金版38页)

108. 全部否定用none, nothing, no one, nobody 表示

I don’t agree with everything. 部分否定

I don’t agree with anything. = I agree with nothing. 全部否定

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